Research Article

Perbandingan angka kejadian low back pain pada buruh suun dan buruh angkat pasir

Made Krisna Wibawa Paramartha , I Gede Eka Wiratnaya, Ketut Gede Mulyadi Ridia

Made Krisna Wibawa Paramartha
Program Studi Sarjana Kedokteran dan Profesi Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali. Email: adeyt1089@gmail.com

I Gede Eka Wiratnaya
Konsultan, Departemen Orthopaedi dan Traumatologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana – Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Ketut Gede Mulyadi Ridia
Konsultan, Departemen Orthopaedi dan Traumatologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana – Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: April 30, 2021 | Cite this Article
Paramartha, M., Wiratnaya, I., Ridia, K. 2021. Perbandingan angka kejadian low back pain pada buruh suun dan buruh angkat pasir. Intisari Sains Medis 12(1): 240-245. DOI:10.15562/ism.v12i1.917


Background:  Low Back Pain (LBP) is a clinical syndrome that manifests in the form of pain in the 12th rib area and the gluteal folds. Globally, 60% of LBP sufferers are related to work that involves lifting heavy loads. Sandbag-lifters and lifting goods on the top of the head (suun) workers are at risk of suffering from LBP, therefore this connection needs to be investigated further.

Aims : This study aims to examine the correlation between occupation, especially lifting sandbags and suun workers with the LBP event among manual laborers in Kumbasari Market, Karangasem, Bali.

Method: This study is an observational analytical study using a cross sectional approach. Data were taken using a primary source through the Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability’ questionnaire answers.

Result : Totally, there are 50 manual laborers who voluntarily join the study which consist of  25 sandbag lifting workers and 25 suun workers. Respondents’ age ranged According to Body Mass Index (BMI) measurement, most of them (60%) are overweight. In general, 74% manual laborers experienced LBP with the sandbag lifting workers having a higher percentage compared to suun workers (92% vs 56%). Chi-square analysis shows that male gender (r=0.395; p=0.005)., age < 33.6 years old (r=0.296; p=0.037) and working as a sandbag lifter (r=0.633; p=0.000) are correlated with the LBP event.

Conclusion : Working as a sandbag lifting workers is correlated with LBP. The other factors that are correlated as well are younger age and male gender. Further longitudinal study needs to be done to assess the risk of LBP.

 

 

Latar Belakang: Latar Belakang: Low Back Pain (LBP) merupakan sindrom klinis yang bermanifestasi berupa nyeri di daerah rusuk ke-12 dan lipatan gluteal. Secara global, 60% penderita LBP berhubungan dengan pekerjaan yang melibatkan mengangkat beban berat. Pekerja pengangkat karung pasir dan pengangkat barang di atas kepala (suun) pekerja berisiko menderita LBP, oleh karena itu keterkaitan ini perlu diteliti lebih lanjut.

Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pekerjaan khususnya pekerja angkat karung pasir dan pekerja suun dengan kejadian LBP pada tenaga kerja manual di Pasar Kumbasari, Karangasem, Bali.

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengambilan data menggunakan sumber primer melalui jawaban kuesioner Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability.

Hasil: Total ada 50 pekerja manual yang secara sukarela mengikuti studi yang terdiri dari 25 pekerja pengangkut karung pasir dan 25 pekerja suun. Rentang umur responden berdasarkan pengukuran Body Mass Index (BMI), sebagian besar (60%) mengalami kegemukan. Secara umum 74% pekerja manual mengalami LBP dengan persentase pekerja pengangkat karung pasir lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan pekerja suun (92% vs 56%). Analisis chi-square menunjukkan bahwa jenis kelamin laki-laki (r = 0,395; p = 0,005)., Usia <33,6 tahun (r = 0,296; p = 0,037) dan bekerja sebagai pengangkat karung pasir (r = 0,633; p = 0,000) berkorelasi dengan acara LBP.

Kesimpulan: Bekerja sebagai pekerja pengangkut karung pasir berhubungan dengan LBP. Faktor lain yang berkorelasi juga adalah usia yang lebih muda dan jenis kelamin laki-laki. Studi longitudinal lebih lanjut perlu dilakukan untuk menilai risiko LBP.

References

Joewono M, Karmaya INM, Wirata G, Yuliana, Widianti IGA, Wardana ING. Drawing method can improve musculoskeletal anatomy comprehension in medical faculty student. Anat Cell Biol. 2018;51(1):14–8. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29644105/

Kreshnanda I. Prevalensi dan Gambaran Keluhan Low Back Pain (LBP) pada Wanita Tukang Suun di Pasar Badung, Januari 2014. E-Jurnal Med Udayana. 2016;5(8):1–6. Available from: https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eum/article/view/22863

Santiasih I. Kajian Manual Material Handling Terhadap Kejadian Low Back Pain pada Pekerja Tekstil. J@TI UNDIP J Tek Ind. 2013;8(1):21–6. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/298912814/

Patrianingrum M, Oktaliansah E, Surahman E. Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Nyeri Punggung Bawah di Lingkungan Kerja Anestesiologi Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. J Anestesi Perioper. 2015;3(1):47–56. Available from: http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/jap/article/view/379

Aranjan Lione K. Risk Factors For Chronic Low Back Pain. J Community Med Health Educ. 2013;4(2):1–4. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270010652

Khaizun K. Faktor Penyebab Keluhan Subyektif pada Punggung Pekerja Tenun Sarung Desa Wanarejan Utara. Unnes J Public Heal. 2014;2(2):1–131. Available from: https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/2994

Sinaga M, Salmah U. Hubungan Faktor Resiko dengan Terjadinya Nyeri Punggung Bawah (Low Back Pain) pada Tenaga Kerja Bongkar Muat (TKBM) di Pelabuhan Belawan Medan Tahun 2015. Lingkung dan Keselam Kerja. 2015;4(1):1–10. Available from: https://www.neliti.com/id/publications/14553/

Coenen P, Gouttebarge V, Van Der Burght ASAM, Van Dieën JH, Frings-Dresen MHW, Van Der Beek AJ, et al. The effect of lifting during work on low back pain: A health impact assessment based on a meta-analysis. Occup Environ Med. 2014;71(12):817–7. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25165395/

Chung JWY, So HCF, Yan VCM, Kwok PST, Wong BYM, Yang JY, et al. A survey of work-related pain prevalence among construction workers in Hong Kong: A case-control study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(8):1–12. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31003525/

Ferguson SA, Merryweather A, Thiese MS, Hegmann KT, Lu ML, Kapellusch JM, et al. Prevalence of low back pain, seeking medical care, and lost time due to low back pain among manual material handling workers in the United States. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019;20(1):1–8. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31118009/

Goswami S, Dasgupta S, Samanta A, Talukdar G, Chanda A, Ray Karmakar P, et al. Load handling and repetitive movements are associated with chronic low back pain among jute mill workers in India. Pain Res Treat. 2016;3(1):1–8. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27563463/

Halonen, J., Shiri, R., Hanson, L., Lelluka T. Risk and Prognostic Factors of Low Back Pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019;44(17):1248–55. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30985572/

Cole MH, Grimshaw PN. Low back pain and lifting: A review of epidemiology and aetiology. Work. 2003;21(2):173–84. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14501095/

Saraceni N, Kent P, Ng L, Campbell A, Straker L, O’Sullivan P. To flex or not to flex? Is there a relationship between lumbar spine flexion during lifting and low back pain? A systematic review with meta-analysis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2020;50(3):121–30. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31775556/

Beaucage-Gauvreau E, Brandon SCE, Robertson WSP, Fraser R, Freeman BJC, Graham RB, et al. A braced arm-to-thigh (BATT) lifting technique reduces lumbar spine loads in healthy and low back pain participants. J Biomech. 2020;1–30. Available from: https://europepmc.org/article/med/31898975

Nolan D, O’Sullivan K, Newton C, Singh G, Smith BE. Are there differences in lifting technique between those with and without low back pain? A systematic review. Scand J Pain. 2020;20(2):215–27. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31730537/

Lunde LK, Koch M, Merkus SL, Knardahl S, Wærsted M, Veiersted KB. Associations of objectively measured forward bending at work with low-back pain intensity: A 2-year follow-up of construction and healthcare workers. Occup Environ Med. 2019;76(9):660–7. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31413188/

Taguchi T. Low Back Pain in Young and Middle-Aged People. JMAJ. 2003;46(10):417–23. Available from: http://www.med.or.jp/english/pdf/2003_10/417_423.pdf

Dionne CE, Dunn KM, Croft PR. Does back pain prevalence really decrease with increasing age? A systematic review. Age Ageing. 2006;35(3):229–34. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/ageing/article/35/3/229/40099

Inoue G, Uchida K, Miyagi M, Saito W, Nakazawa T, Imura T, et al. Occupational Characteristics of Low Back Pain Among Standing Workers in a Japanese Manufacturing Company. Work Heal Saf. 2020;68(1):13–23. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31288629/

Ono R, Yamazaki S, Takegami M, Otani K, Sekiguchi M, Onishi Y, et al. Gender difference in association between low back pain and metabolic syndrome: Locomotive syndrome and health outcome in aizu cohort study (LOHAS). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012;37(13):1130–7. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22146290/

Su CA, Kusin DJ, Li SQ, Ahn UM, Ahn NU. The Association between Body Mass Index and the Prevalence, Severity, and Frequency of Low Back Pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018;43(12):848–52. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29462069/

Teck TS, Prabowo T, Kurniani N. Correlation between Body Mass Index and Disability in Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain. althea Med J. 2016;3(4):624–8. Available from: http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/949/894


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 219
PDF Downloads : 94