Research Article

The awareness of low sexual desire in female among married women in Indonesia: a preliminary study

Jivitha Munusamy , I Made Oka Negara

Jivitha Munusamy
Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia. Email:

I Made Oka Negara
Department of Andrology and Sexology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: April 30, 2021 | Cite this Article
Munusamy, J., Negara, I. 2021. The awareness of low sexual desire in female among married women in Indonesia: a preliminary study. Intisari Sains Medis 12(1): 205-207. DOI:10.15562/ism.v12i1.883

Background: Sexual dysfunction is difficulty experienced by any individual or a couple during any stage of normal sexual activity. Sexual dysfunction occurs among men and also women. This study aims to identify the level of awareness, knowledge, and attitude of married women towards hypoactive sexual desire disorder in their life.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 75 married women using a self-administered questionnaire through social media platforms to ensure easy accessibility to a wider participant. This study's inclusion criteria are married women from the age of 20-40 years old who volunteer themselves and take place in the survey. Factors that influence low sexual desire in married women, such as age, social life, hypoactive sexual desire, and the level of communications or understanding among their partners, are assessed in this study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 for Windows.

Results: From the total of 75 participants, a total of 56.00% haven't heard or came across the term low sexual desire in their life. Meanwhile, a total of have 32.00% came across this term. The survey shows that participants who have participated in this survey have a higher morbidity rate on pregnancy history with complications that represent 59.00% of them. Meanwhile, participants with a history of pregnancy without complications consist of 41.00%.

Conclusion: There is still a more significant number of women still unaware of hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Most of them think that hypoactive sexual desire disorder is common.


Clayton AH, Hamilton DV. Female sexual dysfunction. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2010;33(2):323-338.

Chen L, Shi GR, Huang DD, Li Y, Ma CC, Shi M, et al. Male sexual dysfunction: A review of literature on its pathological mechanisms, potential risk factors, and herbal drug intervention. Biomed Pharmacother. 2019;112:108585.

Basson R, Leiblum S, Brotto L, Derogatis L, Fourcroy J, Fugl-Meyer K, et al. Definitions of women's sexual dysfunction reconsidered: advocating expansion and revision. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2003;24(4):221-9.

Parish SJ, Hahn SR. Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: A Review of Epidemiology, Biopsychology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Sex Med Rev. 2016;4(2):103-120.

Clayton AH, Kingsberg SA, Goldstein I. Evaluation and Management of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. Sex Med. 2018;6(2):59-74.

Avis NE, Zhao X, Johannes CB, Ory M, Brockwell S, Greendale GA. Correlates of sexual function among multi-ethnic middle-aged women: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Menopause. 2018;25(11):1244-1255.

Warnock JJ. Female hypoactive sexual desire disorder: epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. CNS Drugs. 2002;16(11):745-753.

Clayton AH, Goldfischer E, Goldstein I, DeRogatis L, Nappi R, Lewis-D'Agostino DJ, et al. Validity of the decreased sexual desire screener for diagnosing hypoactive sexual desire disorder. J Sex Marital Ther. 2013;39(2):132-43.

AlAwlaqi A, Amor H, Hammadeh ME. Role of hormones in hypoactive sexual desire disorder and current treatment. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2017;18(4):210-218.

Banaei M, Azizi M, Moridi A, Dashti S, Yabandeh AP, Roozbeh N. Sexual dysfunction and related factors in pregnancy and postpartum: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Syst Rev. 2019;8(1):161.

West SL, D'Aloisio AA, Agans RP, Kalsbeek WD, Borisov NN, Thorp JM. Prevalence of low sexual desire and hypoactive sexual desire disorder in a nationally representative sample of US women. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(13):1441-1449.

Davison SL. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2012;24(4):215-220.

Pyke R, Clayton A. What Sexual Behaviors Relate to Decreased Sexual Desire in Women? A Review and Proposal for End Points in Treatment Trials for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. Sex Med. 2017;5(2):e73-e83.

Clayton AH. The pathophysiology of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010;110(1):7-11.

Feldhaus-Dahir M. The causes and prevalence of hypoactive sexual desire disorder: part I. Urol Nurs. 2009;29(4):259-263.

Goldstein I, Lines C, Pyke R, Scheld JS. National differences in patient-clinician communication regarding hypoactive sexual desire disorder [published correction appears in J Sex Med. 2009 Nov;6(11):3225]. J Sex Med. 2009;6(5):1349-1357.

Bodenmann G, Atkins DC, Schär M, Poffet V. The association between daily stress and sexual activity. J Fam Psychol. 2010;24(3):271-279.

Clayton AH, Goldstein I, Kim NN, Althof SE, Faubion SS, Faught BM, et al. The International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health Process of Care for Management of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Women. Mayo Clin Proc. 2018;93(4):467-487.

Maserejian NN, Shifren J, Parish SJ, Segraves RT, Huang L, Rosen RC. Sexual arousal and lubrication problems in women with clinically diagnosed hypoactive sexual desire disorder: preliminary findings from the hypoactive sexual desire disorder registry for women. J Sex Marital Ther. 2012;38(1):41-62.

No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 244
PDF Downloads : 113