Research Article

Incidence report of traumatic brain injury in Mimika Public Hospital Papua

Kevin Kristian Putra , Putu Ayu Indra Shanti Wardani, I Wayan Niryana

Kevin Kristian Putra
Internship at Mimika Public Hospital, Mimika, Papua ; Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana. Email: kevinkristianputra@gmail.com

Putu Ayu Indra Shanti Wardani
Department of Surgery and Anesthesiology, Mimika Public Hospital, Mimika, Papua

I Wayan Niryana
Department of Neurosurgery, Sanglah General Public Hospital, Denpasar, Bali
Online First: October 12, 2021 | Cite this Article
Putra, K., Wardani, P., Niryana, I. 2021. Incidence report of traumatic brain injury in Mimika Public Hospital Papua. Intisari Sains Medis 12(3): 724-727. DOI:10.15562/ism.v12i3.853


Introduction: Traumatic brain injury is a functional brain disorder caused by an external force, which giving persistent consequences, progressive, long-term care, and rehabilitation might be needed. It is also called a “silent epidemic” due to the increased global incidence rate, socio-economic burden, and quality of life. The major cause of TBI was road traffic injury, fall, and blunt trauma.

Methods: This research was conducted with a descriptive research design using a prospective cross-sectional design. The research sampling was using medical records in accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria from 2018 to 2019.

Result: The collected sample was 393 cases. There were 66.16% and 67.18% cases occurred to man and productive age with incidence rate 178.89 in 100.000 people. The major cause of TBI was road traffic injury and intentional injury with 58.52% and 24.17% consecutively. The involvement of alcohol in TBI cases was found in 24.42% of cases. The usage of the helmet was not found in 96.6% of cases of RTI.

Conclusion: The majority of TBI patients at Mimika Public Hospital in 2018-2019 occurred in men and in the productive age, which was majorly caused by road traffic injury and intentional injury.

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