Review Article

Terapi penghambat Sodium Glucose Co-Transporters-2 (SGLT-2) dalam pengobatan Diabetes Melitus Tipe-2 (DM-2): tinjauan pustaka

Andre Hendrajaya

Andre Hendrajaya
Rumah Sakit H.L. Manambai Abdulkadir, Sumbawa, Indonesia. Email: andre.hendrajaya@gmail.com
Online First: April 01, 2021 | Cite this Article
Hendrajaya, A. 2021. Terapi penghambat Sodium Glucose Co-Transporters-2 (SGLT-2) dalam pengobatan Diabetes Melitus Tipe-2 (DM-2): tinjauan pustaka. Intisari Sains Medis 12(1): 131-136. DOI:10.15562/ism.v12i1.852


Management of type II diabetes mellitus is a science that continues to develop. Treatment of type II diabetes mellitus can affect various organ functions, one of which is the kidneys, which function to excrete glucose, namely SGLT II inhibitors. The class of sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors has a new mechanism of action and is complementary to the older drugs used to treat type II diabetes. The sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) protein is expressed in the proximal tubule of the renal convolution. These transporters are ideal targets for the treatment of diabetes because they account for approximately 90% of filtered glucose reabsorption SGLT2 inhibitors can be a useful option in obese and hypertensive patients because of their weight loss and antihypertensive benefits and thus benefit cardiovascular function. Patients at high risk for hypoglycemia may benefit from a combination of metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors because the risk of hypoglycemia with SGLT2 inhibitors is small when compared with insulin and sulfonylurea.

 

Tatalaksana DM mellitus tipe II merupakan ilmu yang terus berkembang. Pengobatan DM tipe II dapat mempengaruhi berbagai fungsi organ, salah satunya adalah ginjal yang berfungsi untuk mengeksreksikan glukosa  yakni penghambat SGLT II. Kelas obat penghambat sodium-glukosa transport protein 2 (SGLT2) memiliki karakteristik ini, dan mekanisme aksi yang baru melengkapi obat yang lebih lama yang digunakan untuk mengobati DM tipe II. Protein sodium-glukosa cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) diekspresikan dalam tubulus proksimal konvolusi ginjal. Transporter ini adalah target yang ideal untuk pengobatan diabetes karena mereka bertanggung jawab atas sekitar 90% dari reabsorpsi glukosa yang difiltrasi Inhibitor SGLT2 dapat menjadi pilihan yang berguna pada pasien obesitas dan hipertensi karena penurunan berat badan dan manfaat antihipertensi sehingga memberikan manfaat terhadap fungsi kardiovaskular. Pasien yang berisiko tinggi untuk hipoglikemia dapat mengambil manfaat dari kombinasi metformin dan inhibitor SGLT2 karena risiko hipoglikemia dengan inhibitor SGLT2 kecil jika dibandingkan dengan insulin dan sulfonylurea.

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