Research Article

The characteristic of anxiety disorder among medical students of Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia in the 2019 period

Kuganesh Ravichandran , Dewa Ayu Shintya Dewi, I Wayan Aryabiantara

Kuganesh Ravichandran
Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia. Email: kuganesh_cr7@hotmail.com

Dewa Ayu Shintya Dewi
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

I Wayan Aryabiantara
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Ravichandran, K., Dewi, D., Aryabiantara, I. 2020. The characteristic of anxiety disorder among medical students of Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia in the 2019 period. Intisari Sains Medis 11(3): 1264-1270. DOI:10.15562/ism.v11i3.692


Background: Anxiety is a normal stress reaction and can be beneficial in some dangerous situations. The symptoms are individual, whereas most of them include restlessness, feeling keyed up on edge, being easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance. This study aims to determine the characteristic of anxiety disorder among medical students of Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia, in the 2019 period

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 75 medical students who met the inclusion criteria in this study. The characteristic of anxiety disorders depicted in this study was the prevalence, anxiety severity, characteristic of anxiety, and possible stressors. Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale- 21 (DASS-21) used to assess anxiety among medical students. Data were analyzed descriptively using SPSS version 21 for Windows and presented in percentages.

Results: From 75 medical students, 11 (14.67%) students were batch 2016, 25 (33.33%) students were batch 2017, and 39 (52.0%) students were batch 2018. Based on the DASS-21 score, there were 53 students (70.7%) experienced anxiety. According to the severity of anxiety, we found that the vast majority of students (45.3%) belong to the extremely severe anxiety group, followed by severe anxiety (20.8%), moderate anxiety (15.1%) and mild anxiety (11.3%).

Conclusion: The characteristic of anxiety disorder among medical students were predominant by the severe anxiety group based on the DASS-21 score.

References

Thibaut F. Anxiety disorders: a review of current literature. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2017;19(2):87-88.

Bandelow B, Michaelis S. Epidemiology of anxiety disorders in the 21st century. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2015;17(3):327-335.

Baxter AJ, Scott KM, Vos T, Whiteford HA. Global prevalence of anxiety disorders: a systematic review and meta-regression. Psychol Med. 2013;43(5):897-910.

Ayuningtyas D, Misnaniarti, Rayhani M. Analisis Situasi Kesehatan Mental pada Masyarakat di Indonesia dan strategi Penganggulangannya. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat; 2018;9(1):1-10.

Tabalipa F, Souza MF, Pfutzenreuter G, Lima VC, Traebet A. Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression among Medical Students. Revista Brasilleira De Educacao medica. 2014;39(3):388-94.

Adhikari A, Dutta A, Sapkota S, Chapagain A, Aryal A, Pradhan A. Prevalence of poor mental health among medical students in Nepal: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med Educ. 2017;17(1):232.

Ediz B, Ozcakir A, Bilgel N. Depression and anxiety among medical students: Examining scores of the beck depression and anxiety inventory and the depression anxiety and stress scale with student characteristics. Cogent Psychology. 2017;4:128-133

Hakami RM, Mahfouz MS, Adawi AM, Mahha AJ, Athathi AJ, Daghreeri HH, et al. Social anxiety disorder and its impact in undergraduate students at Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. Ment Illn. 2018;9(2):7274.

Mihailescu AI, Diaconescu LV, Donisan T, Ciobanu M. The impact of anxiety and depression on undergraduate medical students. European Psychiatry. 2016;12(1):27-33.

Alkhalaf AM. Positive and Negative Affect, Anxiety, and Academic Achievement among Medical Students in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience. 2018;20(2):1-5.

Marzouk M, Ouanes-Besbes L, Ouanes I, Hammouda Z, Dachraoui F, Abroug F. Prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among medical residents in Tunisia: a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open. 2018;8(7):e020655.

Chenganakkattil S, Babu KJ, Hyder S. Comparison of psychological stress, depression and anxiety among medical and engineering students. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5(4):1213-16.

Quek TT, Tam WW, Tran BX, Zhan M, Zhang Z, Ho CSH, et al. The Global Prevalence of Anxiety Among Medical Students: A Meta-Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(15):2735.

Thinagar M, Westa W. Tingkat kecemasan mahasiswa kedokteran Universitas Udayana dan implikasinya pada hasil ujian. Intisari Sains Medis. 2017;8(3): 181-183.

Fajriati L, Yaurin Y, Isrona, L. Perbesaan Derajat Kecemasan pada Mahasiswa Baru preklinik dan Klinik Fakultas Kedoktern Universitas Andalas. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas; 2018;6(3):546-553.

Rutter LA, Brown TA. Psychometric Properties of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7) in Outpatients with Anxiety and Mood Disorders. J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 2017;39(1):140-146.

Al Saadi T, Zaher Addeen S, Turk T, Abbas F, Alkhatib M. Psychological distress among medical students in conflicts: a cross-sectional study from Syria. BMC Med Educ. 2017;17(1):173.

Fuad M, Nasir B, Qader M, Abdullah M. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Stress, Anxiety and Depression among Medical Students of a Private Medical University in Malaysia in 2015.Education in Medicine Journal. 2015;7(2):45-55.

Bergmann C, Muth T, Loerbroks A. Medical students' perceptions of stress due to academic studies and its interrelationships with other domains of life: a qualitative study. Med Educ Online. 2019;24(1):1603526.

Hill MR, Goicochea S, Merlo LJ. In their own words: stressors facing medical students in the millennial generation. Med Educ Online. 2018;23(1):1530558.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 15
PDF Downloads : 8