Case Report

Keberhasilan Terapi Rituximab pada Seorang Pasien dengan Lupus Nephritis Berat: Laporan Kasus

Ni Putu Dewi Indriyani , Pande Ketut Kurniari, Gede Kambayana

Ni Putu Dewi Indriyani
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana/RSUP Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Email: dr.dewi.indriyani45@gmail.com

Pande Ketut Kurniari
Divisi Rheumatologi, Departemen/KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana/RSUP Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Gede Kambayana
Divisi Rheumatologi, Departemen/KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana/RSUP Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Indriyani, N., Kurniari, P., Kambayana, G. 2020. Keberhasilan Terapi Rituximab pada Seorang Pasien dengan Lupus Nephritis Berat: Laporan Kasus. Intisari Sains Medis 11(3): 1144-1151. DOI:10.15562/ism.v11i3.631


Background: Lupus nephritis is one of complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) which manifests to the kidneys. Lupus nephritis occur in 50-60% of cases in the first ten years of the onset of SLE. Standard therapy for lupus nephritis are immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids and cytostatics. In a refracter case, biologic agent has giving new hope.

Case description: We report a case of seventeen years old female with chief complaints of edema in both feet, skin rash caused by sun exposure, joint pain, mouth ulcer with positive ANA test, proteinuria and high blood sugar level. Patient was then diagnosed with SLE, lupus nephritis and other types of DM. Patient was treated with combination theraphy of cycloposphamide and Rituximab. Patient then discharged in good condition.

Conclusion:  we suggest that combination of cycloposphamide and Rituximab is effective in controlling SLE and reducing the dose of steroid theraphy.

Keyword: biological agents, systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus nephritis

 

 

Latar belakang: Lupus nephritis merupakan salah satu komplikasi penyakit Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) yang bermanifestasi ke ginjal. Komplikasi lupus nephritis terjadi pada 50-60% kasus dalam sepuluh tahun pertama onset penyakit SLE. Terapi lupus nephritis meliputi obat-obatan imunosupresif seperti kortikosteroid dan sitostatika. Pada kasus-kasus yang refrakter, terapi dengan agen biologis memberikan harapan baru. Harapan hidup jangka panjang dan renal survival pasien SLE dengan lupus nephritis secara progresif telah mengalami peningkatan sejak ditemukannya agen biologis, rujukan yang lebih dini, dan kriteria diagnostik yang lebih baik.

Deskripsi kasus:Kami melaporkan kasus seorang perempuan, berusia 17 tahun, suku Timor, datang dengan keluhan utama bengkak pada kedua punggung kaki, kemerahan pada kulit bila terkena sinar matahari, nyeri sendi, ulserasi pada mulut, dengan hasil laboratorium ANA test positif, proteinuria, disertai kadar gula darah yang tinggi. Pasien didiagnosis dengan SLE, lupus nephritis, dan DM Tipe lain. Setelah diberikan terapi cycloposphamide dan Rituximab, kondisi pasien membaik. Kesimpulan: regimen terapi ini efektif untuk mengontrol penyakit SLE dan memungkinkan untuk penurunan dosis terapi steroid.

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