Review Article

Weightlifting-related injuries

Jonathan David Rajaratnam Peter , I Putu Adiartha Griadhi

Jonathan David Rajaratnam Peter
Undergraduate Medical Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University. Email:

I Putu Adiartha Griadhi
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Peter, J., Griadhi, I. 2020. Weightlifting-related injuries. Intisari Sains Medis 11(3): 985-989. DOI:10.15562/ism.v11i3.593

Background: Each year, more and more athletes partake in weightlifting, aiming to outperform their predecessors and achieve new records of feats of strength. However, even despite the newer knowledge of biomechanics, and the safety precautions taken to prevent injury, such events still do take place.

Aim: The study aims to determine the sources of these injuries, as well as the more frequent parts of the body that get injured, those more prone to it.

Conclusion:  The numerous injuries that can be sustained during weightlifting has been noted including its causes, as well as its effect on an individual and the incidence rate of the occurrence in professional weightlifters.


Stone M, Pierce K, Sands W, Stone M. Weightlifting: A Brief Overview. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2006;28(1):50.

Chiu L, Schilling B. A Primer on Weightlifting: From Sport to Sports Training. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2005;27(1):42.

Basford J. Weightlifting, Weight Training and Injuries. Orthopedics. 1985;8(8):1051-1056.

Kipp K, Harris C, Sabick M. Lower Extremity Biomechanics During Weightlifting Exercise Vary Across Joint and Load. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2011;25(5):1229-1234.

Hedrick A, Wada H. Weightlifting Movements: Do the Benefits Outweigh the Risks?. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2008;30(6):26-35.

Fry A, Calhoon G, Stone M, Weiss L, Li Y, Cantler E. INJURY RATES AND PROFILES OF ELITE COMPETITIVE OLYMPIC-STYLE WEIGHTLIFTERS. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 1998;30(Supplement):53.

Faigenbaum A, McFarland J. Relative Safety of Weightlifting Movements for Youth. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2008;30(6):23-25.

Faigenbaum A, Myer G, Naclerio F, Casas A. Injury Trends and Prevention in Youth Resistance Training. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2011;33(3):36-41.

Myer G, Quatman C, Khoury J, Wall E, Hewett T. Youth Versus Adult “Weightlifting” Injuries Presenting to United States Emergency Rooms: Accidental Versus Nonaccidental Injury Mechanisms. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2009;23(7):2054-2060.

Quatman C, Myer G, Khoury J, Wall E, Hewett T. Sex Differences in “Weightlifting” Injuries Presenting to United States Emergency Rooms. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2009;23(7):2061-2067.

Maffulli N, Del Buono A, Oliva F, et al. Muscle Injuries: A Brief Guide to Classification and Management. Transl Med UniSa. 2014;12:14-18. Published 2014 Sep 1.

Askling CM, Tengvar M, Saartok T, Thorstensson A. Acute first-time hamstring strains during high-speed running: a longitudinal study including clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Am J Sports Med. 2007;35:197–206.

Corazza A, Orlandi D, Baldari A, et al. Thigh muscles injuries in professional soccer players: a one year longitudinal study. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014;24(3):331–336.

Ekstrand J, Hägglund M, Waldén M. Epidemiology of muscle injuries in professional football (soccer) Am J Sports Med. 2011;39:1226–32.

Keller K, Engelhardt M. Strength and muscle mass loss with aging process. Age and strength loss. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014;24(3):346–350.

Turmo-Garuz A, Rodas G, Balius R, et al. Can local corticosteroid injection in the retrocalcaneal bursa lead to rupture of the Achilles tendon and the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle? Musculoskelet Surg. 2013.

Malliaropoulos N, Papacostas E, Kiritsi O, Papalada A, Gougoulias N, Maffulli N. Posterior thigh muscle injuries in elite track and field athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2010;38:1813–9.

Borowski L, Yard E, Fields S, Comstock R. The epidemiology of US high school basketball injuries, 2005–2007. Am J Sports Med. 2008;36:2328–35.

Lopez V, Galano G, Black C, Gupta A, James D, Kelleher K, Allen A. Profile of an American amateur rugby union sevens series. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40:179–184.

Falcieri E. Basic science & clinic around skeletal muscles. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014;24(3):253.

Charvet B, Ruggiero F, Le Guellec D. The development of the myotendinous junction. A review. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2012;2:53–63.

Brancaccio P, Somma F, Provenzano F, Rastrelli L. Changes in muscular pennation angle after crenotherapy. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2013;9(3):112–115.

Jarvinen TA, Jarvinen TL, Kaariainen M, Kalimo H, Jarvinen M. Muscle injuries: biology and treatment. Am J Sports Med. 2005;33:745–64.

Maffulli N, Oliva F, Frizziero A, et al. ISMuLT Guidelines for muscle injuries. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014;24(3):241–249.

Järvinen TA, Järvinen M, Kalimo H. Regeneration of injured skeletal muscle after the injury. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014;24(3):337–345.

Myers J, Wassinger C, Lephart S. Sensorimotor contribution to shoulder stability: effect of injury and rehabilitation. Man Ther. 2006;11:197–201.

Minick K, Kiesel K, Burton L, Taylor A, Plisky P, Butler R. Interrater reliability of the functional movement screen. J Strength Cond Res. 2010;24:479–486.

Oliva F, Via AG, Kiritsi O, Foti C, Maffulli N. Surgical repair of muscle laceration: biomechanical properties at 6 years follow-up. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014;24(3):313–317.

Kragh JF, Jr, Svoboda SJ, Wenke JC, Ward JA, Walters TJ. Suturing of lacerations of skeletal muscle. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005;87:1303–5.

Joewono M, Karmaya INM, Wirata G, Yuliana, Widianti IGA, Wardana ING. Drawing method can improve musculoskeletal anatomy comprehension in medical faculty student. Anatomy and Cell Biology. 2018;51(1):14-18. DOI:

Kragh JF, Jr, Svoboda SJ, Wenke JC, Ward JA, Walters TJ. Epimysium and perimysium in suturing in skeletal muscle lacerations. J Trauma. 2005;59:209–212.

Dohan Ehrenfest DM, Andia I, Zumstein MA, Zhang CQ, Pinto NR, Bielecki T. Classification of platelet concentrates (Platelet-Rich Plasma-PRP, Platelet-Rich Fibrin-PRF) for topical and infiltrative use in orthopedic and sports medicine: current consensus, clinical implications and perspectives. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal. 2014;4:3–9.

Terada S, Ota S, Kobayashi M, et al. Use of an antifibrotic agent improves the effect of platelet-rich plasma on muscle healing after injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95:980–988.

No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 80
PDF Downloads : 41