Research Article

Gambaran kualitas hidup peserta Pos Binaan Terpadu Penyakit Tidak Menular (POSBINDU PTM) dengan kejadian hipertensi di wilayah kerja Unit Pelaksana Teknis (UPT) Puskesmas Abang I, Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia

I Putu Sakamekya Wicaksana Sujaya , Ni Made Sri Nopiyani, Ni Wayan Meni

I Putu Sakamekya Wicaksana Sujaya
Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia. Email: sakamekyaw@gmail.com

Ni Made Sri Nopiyani
Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas-Ilmu Kedokteran Pencegahan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia

Ni Wayan Meni
Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas-Ilmu Kedokteran Pencegahan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: March 26, 2020 | Cite this Article
Sujaya, I., Nopiyani, N., Meni, N. 2020. Gambaran kualitas hidup peserta Pos Binaan Terpadu Penyakit Tidak Menular (POSBINDU PTM) dengan kejadian hipertensi di wilayah kerja Unit Pelaksana Teknis (UPT) Puskesmas Abang I, Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia. Intisari Sains Medis 11(1): 198-204. DOI:10.15562/ism.v11i1.534


Background: Hypertension is a disease that is a significant problem in the world. The prevalence of hypertension worldwide based on JNC-7 covers more than two-thirds of individuals after the age of 65 years. Hypertension can have an impact on the quality of life of patients which is influenced by various complications. PTB with the occurrence of hypertension in UPT Puskesmas Abang I, Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study with a total sampling technique was conducted to the 5 villages in the Abang I Public Health Services during September-October 2018. A total of 48 respondents who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study. The variables assessed included gender, age group, level of education, occupational status, degree of hypertension, and overall quality of life among respondents based on the SF-36 questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 17 for Windows. 

Results: The gender proportion of females and males did not differ (50.00%). Most respondents were ≥ 65 years-old (54.17%), followed by low education level (85.42%), jobless (52.08%), hypertension (HT) grade II (56.25%), Rerata systolic blood pressure 159.5±18 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure of 93±8 mmHg. Most respondents have a good quality of life in the domain of physical roles (100.00%), health (58.33%), vitality (60.41%), emotions (64.58%), and mental health (58.33%).

Conclusion: The quality of life among respondents with hypertension at UPT Abang I Public Health Services, Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia showed good results in the domains of a physical role, health, vitality, emotions, and mental health.

 

Latar Belakang: Hipertensi adalah salah satu penyakit yang menjadi masalah utama di dunia. Prevalensi hipertensi di seluruh dunia berdasarkan JNC-7 mencakup lebih dari dua pertiga individu setelah usia 65 tahun. Hipertensi dapat berdampak pada kualitas hidup pasien dimana dipengaruhi oleh berbagai komplikasi penyertanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran kualitas hidup peserta POSBINDU PTM dengan kejadian hipertensi di UPT Puskesmas Abang I, Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang dengan teknik Total Sampling pada 5 Desa di Kawasan UPT Kesmas Abang I selama September-Oktober 2018. Sebanyak 48 orang yang telah memasuki kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dimasukkan dalam penelitian ini. Variabel yang dinilai meliputi jenis kelamin, kelompok usia, tingkat pendidikan, status pekerjaan, derajat hipertensi, dan kualitas hidup responden secara keseluruhan berdasarkan kuisioner SF-36. Data dianalisis menggunakan piranti lunak SPSS versi 17 untuk Windows.

Hasil: Proporsi jenis kelamin perempuan dan laki-laki tidak berbeda (50%). Sebagian besar pasien berusia ≥ 65 tahun (54,17%), diikuti dengan pendidikan rendah (85,42%,), tidak bekerja (52,08%,), hipertensi (HT) derajat II (56,25%), rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik 159.5±18 mmHg, dan tekanan darah diastolik 93±8 mmHg. Sebagian besar responden memiliki kualitas hidup yang baik pada domain peran fisik (100,00%), kesehatan (58,33%), vitalitas (60,41%), emosi (64,58%), dan kesehatan mental (58,33%).

Kesimpulan: Kualitas hidup responden dengan hipertensi di UPT Puskesmas Abang I, Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia menunjukkan hasil yang baik pada domain peran fisik, kesehatan, vitalitas, emosi, dan kesehatan mental.

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