Research Article

Analisis faktor risiko bayi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di Unit Pelayanan Terpadu (UPT) Kesehatan Masyarakat (Kesmas) Gianyar I tahun 2016-2017

Padma Permana , Gede Bagus Rawida Wijaya

Padma Permana
Mahasiswa Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia. Email: padma.permana@gmail.com

Gede Bagus Rawida Wijaya
Mahasiswa Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Permana, P., Wijaya, G. 2019. Analisis faktor risiko bayi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di Unit Pelayanan Terpadu (UPT) Kesehatan Masyarakat (Kesmas) Gianyar I tahun 2016-2017. Intisari Sains Medis 10(3). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i3.481


Background: One of the major causes of newborn mortality is Low Birth Weight (LBW). Each year estimated 15% to 20% of world births or more than 20 million babies are LBW. In UPT Kesmas Gianyar I, there is an increasing trend of LBW incidence from 2014 to June 2017. So, this study aims to determine several risk factors associated with LBW at UPT Kesmas Gianyar I during 2016-2017 period.

Methods: A case-control analytic study was conducted among case group of LBW mothers and control group of mothers with normal weight babies in 2017. Selection technique of case group done by total sampling method, while control group by simple random sampling. Data were analysed using SPSS version 21 for Windows and showing in odds ratio, percentage, and p-value.

Results: A total of 106 respondens were enrolled in this study whereas each group consists of 53 patients. There was no significant relationship between mother’s age, number of parity, anemia status, nutritional status, and distance of pregnancy with low birth weight incidence (P>0.05). However, multiple pregnancy has shown a significant relationship with LBW (OR: 14.9; 95%CI 3.2-68.5; P=0.0001) as well as gestational age (OR: 3.1; 95% CI 1.02-9.50; P=0.038).


Conclusion: Mothers with multiple pregnancies have a 14.9 times risk of having a baby LBW as well as a premature gestational age also have a 3.1 times higher risk of delivering LBW infants.

References

Cha S. The impact of the worldwide Millennium Development Goals campaign on maternal and under-five child mortality reduction: ‘Where did the worldwide campaign work most effectively?’. Glob Health Action. 2017;10(1):1267961.

Alya D. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Bayi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak Banda Aceh Tahun 2013 [Skripsi]. Program Studi Diploma IV Kebidanan STIKes U’Budiyah Banda Aceh. 2014

Mahayana SAS, Chundrayetti E, Yulistini. Faktor Risiko yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian Berat Badan Lahir Rendah di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Andalas Journal of Health. 2015;4(3):664–73.

Rini SS, Windiani IGAT. Faktor-Faktor Risiko Kejadian Berat Bayi Lahir Rendah di Wilayah Kerja Unit Pelayanan Terpadu Kesmas Gianyar II. OJS Universitas Udayana. 2015;4(4):1–17.

Simbolon D, Aini N. Kehamilan Umur Remaja Prakondisi Dampak Status Gizi Terhadap Berat Lahir Bayi di Kabupaten Rejang Lebong Propinsi Bengkulu. [Skripsi] Program Sarjana Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Jember. 2013.

Trihardiani I. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Berat Badan Lahir Rendah di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Singkawang Timur Dan Utara Kota Singkawang [Skripsi]. Program Sarjana Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro; 2011.

Yuliani, Putra IWGAE, Windiani IGAT. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah dr.R.Soedjono Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive. 2015;3(2):167-72

Makbruri. Faktor Risiko yang Memengaruhi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah dan Sangat Rendah di Kecamatan Seberang Ulu II Kota Palembang Periode 1 Januari-31 Desember 2008. Jurnal Gradien. 2015;11(1):1079–84

Kumalasari I, Tjekyan S, Zulkarnain M. Faktor Resiko dan Angka Kejadian Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR) Di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang Tahun 2014. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2018;9(1):41–52

Kristiana N, Juliansyah E. Umur, Pendidikan, Pekerjaan Dan Pengetahuan Dengan Kejadian Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR). Wawasan Kesehatan. 2017;4(1):7–14


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 4
PDF Downloads : 3