Research Article

The level of knowledge regarding breast cancer among female high school students at Santo Yoseph School, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Hemalatha Thiruchelvam , Ni Nyoman Ayu Dewi, Ida Ayu Dewi Wiryanthini

Hemalatha Thiruchelvam
Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia. Email: emmawat96@gmail.com

Ni Nyoman Ayu Dewi
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

Ida Ayu Dewi Wiryanthini
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Thiruchelvam, H., Dewi, N., Wiryanthini, I. 2019. The level of knowledge regarding breast cancer among female high school students at Santo Yoseph School, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Intisari Sains Medis 10(3). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i3.459


Background: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death among women around the world. In Indonesia, breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women. Previous studies have shown that female students have limited knowledge of breast cancer. This study is aimed at assessing the level of breast cancer knowledge among female high school students in Santo Yoseph School, Denpasar.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 96 female high school students in Santo Yoseph School, Denpasar, was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire.  Questions asked in the questionnaire were about general knowledge of breast cancer, risk factors towards breast cancer, signs and symptoms of breast cancer and knowledge of Breast Self-Examination. The data was tabulated by scoring only the correct answers and analysed using SPSS version 17 for Windows.

Results: The result of the study showed that high school female students had moderate to good knowledge of breast cancer. Fifty-three (55.2%) female students had average knowledge and forty-three (44.8%) female students had good knowledge of breast cancer. The majority of the participants, seventy-five (78.1%) of them, knew that breast cancer was the leading cause of death among women in Indonesia.

Conclusion: The recent findings showed that female high school students had good knowledge of breast cancer. Good knowledge of breast cancer is important for girls and women equally.

References

Abdulkareem IH. Aetio-pathogenesis of breast cancer. Niger Med J. 2013; 54(6):371–375.

Ng CH, Pathy NB, Taib NA, Teh YC, Mun KS, Amiruddin A, et al. Comparison of breast cancer in Indonesia and Malaysia--a clinico-pathological study between Dharmais Cancer Centre Jakarta and University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12(11):2943-6.

Lestari AAW, Prabawa IPY, Wiranata S, Supadmanaba IGP. High eosinophils lymphocyte ratio (ELR) related with subtype of breast cancer in Sanglah General Hospital, Bali. Annals of Oncology. 2018;29(Suppl_9)

Wahidin M, Noviani R, Hermawan S, Andriani V, Ardian A, Djarir H. Population-based cancer registration in Indonesia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(4):1709-10.

Akhigbe AO, Omuemu VO. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of breast cancer screening among female health workers in a Nigerian urban city. BMC Cancer. 2009;9:203.

Ahmed F, Mahmud S, Hatcher J, Khan SM. Breast cancer risk factor knowledge among nurses in teaching hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study. BMC Nurs. 2006;5:6.

Karayurt O, Ozmen D, Cetinkaya AC. Awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self-examination among high school students in Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:359

Ranasinghe HM, Ranasinghe N, Rodrigo C, Seneviratne Rde A, Rajapakse S. Awareness of breast cancer among adolescent girls in Colombo, Sri Lanka: a school-based study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:1209.

Isara AR, Ojedokun CI. Knowledge of breast cancer and practice of breast self examination among female senior secondary school students in Abuja, Nigeria. J Prev Med Hyg. 2011;52(4):186-90.

Montazeri A, Vahdaninia M, Harirchi I, Harirchi AM, Sajadian A, Khaleghi F. Breast cancer in Iran: need for greater women awareness of warning signs and effective screening methods. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2008;7(1):6.

Sait WA, Al-Amoudi SM, Tawtai DA, Abduljabbar HS. The knowledge of breast cancer among young Saudi females. Saudi Med J. 2010;31(11):1242-4.

Allam MF, Abd Elaziz KM. Evaluation of the level of knowledge of Egyptian women of breast cancer and its risk factors. A cross sectional study. J Prev Med Hyg. 2012;53(4):195-8.

Salaudeen AG, Akande TM, Musa OI. Knowledge and attitudes to breast cancer and breast self examination among female undergraduates in a state in Nigeria. Eur J Soc Sci. 2009;7(3):157-64.

McPherson K, Steel CM, Dixon JM.. ABC of breast diseases: breast cancer-epidemiology, risk factors, and genetics BMJ. 2000;321(7261):624-8.

Milaat WA. Knowledge of secondary-school female students on breast cancer and breast self-examination in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J. 2000;6(2-3):338-44.

Okobia MN, Bunker CH, Okonofua FE, Osime U. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian women towards breast cancer: a cross-sectional study. World J Surg Oncol. 2006;4:11.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 10
PDF Downloads : 4