Research Article

Pengaruh obesitas pada kualitas tidur mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana periode 2018

Yudha Anggoro Kawi , Desak Made Wihandani, I Wayan Surudarma

Yudha Anggoro Kawi
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali-Indonesia. Email: yudha.kawi@gmail.com

Desak Made Wihandani
Departemen Biokimia, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali-Indonesia

I Wayan Surudarma
Departemen Biokimia, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana, Bali-Indonesia
Online First: September 02, 2019 | Cite this Article
Kawi, Y., Wihandani, D., Surudarma, I. 2019. Pengaruh obesitas pada kualitas tidur mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana periode 2018. Intisari Sains Medis 10(3). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i3.442


Introduction: Increased obesity rates in adolescents can lead to the emergence of new risk populations for the occurrence of sleep disorders. The emergence of sleep disorders will have a direct impact on decreasing the quality of sleep. This study aims to determine the effect of obesity on the sleep quality of students of the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.

Method: The study design was cross sectional analytic with a total sample of 74 students of the Medical Faculty of Udayana University (37 samples of the Body Mass Index (BMI) obesity and 37 samples of the normal BMI). Sample selection is done randomly. Measuring sleep quality was done through filling in the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and measuring obesity was done by calculating BMI. The answers to the questionnaire were scoring and based on the global score, sleep quality was categorized into poor and good sleep quality. The PSQI questionnaire also included questions about health problems experienced by students in the past month. Data analysis is presented in the form of tables and narratives.

Result: The results showed that in the obese student group there were 22 samples with poor sleep quality (53.7%) and 15 samples with good sleep quality (45.5%). In the normal IMT student group there were 19 samples with poor sleep quality (46.3%) and 18 samples with good sleep quality (54.5%). In 20 students with health problems, there were 15 samples with poor sleep quality and 5 samples with good sleep quality. In 54 students without health problems, 26 samples with poor sleep quality and 28 samples with good sleep quality. Analysis using chi-square showed obesity did not have a significant effect on sleep quality (p = 0.483). There was a significant effect of health problems on sleep quality (p = 0.039).

Conclusion: Conclusions of the study were obesity did not have a significant effect on the quality of sleep of students of the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.

References

Suastika K. Endokrinologi & Pendidikan Tinggi Edisi 1. Denpasar: Udayana

University Press; 2009. p. 65-70.

World Health Organization. Health topic :Obesity [Internet]. Geneva: WHO; 2016 [Diakses 20 Juli 2016]. Tersedia di: http://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/.

Ogden CL, Carroll, MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of Childhood and Adult Obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2014;311(8):806-14.

Gupta NK, Mueller WH, Chan W, Meininger JC. Is obesity associated with poor sleep quality in adolescents? Am J Hum Biol. 2002;14:762-8.

Narang I, Mathew JL. Childhood Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2012:134202. doi: 10.1155/2012/134202

Haryono A, Rindiarti A, Arianti A, Pawitri A, Ushuluddin U, Setiawati A, Reza A, Wawolumaja CW, Sekartini R. Prevalensi Gangguan Tidur pada Remaja Usia 12-15 Tahun di Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama. Sari Pediatri. 2009;11(3):149-54.

Mander B, Walker M. Kualitas tidur dan usia mempengaruhi tugas mengingat otak [Internet]. Jakarta: Mediapubli; 2009 (Diakses 21 Februari 2014). Tersedia di: http://www.Mediapubli ca.co.

Nashori F. Mencapai puncak prestasi dengan meningkatkan kualitas tidur dan mimpi: perspektif psikologi Islam [Internet]. Jakarta: UAD; 2010 (Diakses 21 Februari 2014). Tersedia di: http://www. journal.uad .ac.id.

Nilifda H, Nadjmir H. Hubungan Kualitas Tidur Dengan Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Angkatan 2010 Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 2016;5(1):243-249.

Moniung, Rondonuwu, dan Bataha. (2014). Hubungan Tekanan Darah Sistolik Dengan Kualitas Tidur Pasien Hipertensi di Puskesmas Bahu. Jurnal Keperawatan. 2014;2(2):1-8.

Araghi MH, Jagielski A, Neira I, Brown A, Higgs S, Thomas GN, Taheri S. The Complex Associations Among Sleep Quality, Anxiety-Depression, and Quality of Life in Patients with Extreme Obesity. SLEEP. 2013;36(12):1859-1865.

Algul A, Ates MA, Semiz UB. Evaluation of general psychopathology, subjective sleep quality, and health-related quality of life in patients with obesity. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2009;39:297-312.

Toor P, Kim K, Buffington CK. Sleep quality and duration before and after bariatric surgery. Obes Surg. 2012;22:890-5.

Hasiana RD. Hubungan Pola Tidur dengan Indeks Massa Tubuh pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara Angkatan 2010, 2011, dan 2012 [Skripsi]. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2013.

Öztürk ME, & Yabancı AN. Associations between Poor Sleep Quality, Obesity, and the Anthropometric Measurements of Women in Turkey. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 2017;57(1):3–12.

Yoneyamai SM, Sakuraı K, Nakamura Y, Morıkawa K, Mıura M, Nakashıma K, Yoshıta M, Ishızakı TK, Naruse Y. Associations between rice, noodle, and bread intake and sleep quality in Japanese men and women. PloS One. 2014;9(8):e105198.

St-Onge MP, Mikic A, Pietrolungo CE. Effects of Diet on Sleep Quality. Advances in Nutrition. 2016;7(5):938–949.

Saufika A. Pengaruh gaya hidup terhadap kebiasaan makan mahasiswa [Skripsi]. Bogor : Departemen Ilmu Keluarga Dan Konsumen Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor; 2012.

Sianturi U. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Konsumsi Sayur dan Buah pada Remaja yang Tinggal di Rumah Kos di Kota TarutungTahun 2017 [Tesis]. Sumetera Utara : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2018.

Khan F, Haroon H, Murtaza H, Anwar E. Determinants of Sleep Quality among Undergraduate Students of Universities of Karachi. Annals of Psychophysiology. 2016;3. 04. 10.29052/2412-3188.v3.i1.2016.4-13.

Gradisar M, Wolfson AR, Harvey AG, Hale L, Rosenberg R, Czeisler CA. The sleep and technology use of Americans: findings from the National Sleep Foundation's 2011 Sleep in America poll. J Clin Sleep Med. 2013;9(12):1291-1299.

Ivarsson M, Anderson M, Åkerstedt T, Lindblad F. Playing a violent television game affects heart rate variability. Acta paediatrica. 2009;98(1):166-172.

Cajochen C, Frey S, Anders D, Spati J, Bues M, Pross A, Stefani O. Evening exposure to a light-emitting diodes (LED)-backlit computer screen affects circadian physiology and cognitive performance. J Appl Physiol. 2011;110(5):14321438.

Dehghanmehr S, Shadadi H, Mansouri A, Arbabisarjou A. Effect of oral saffron capsules on sleep quality in patients with diabetes at Zabol-Iran. Bali Medical Journal. 2017;6(3): 595-600. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.623.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 12
PDF Downloads : 7