Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Hubungan antara perubahan iklim dengan jumlah kasus demam dengue (DD) di Denpasar, Bali tahun 2010-2015


Background: Dengue is one of tropical infectious disease that can give a serious public health problem in Denpasar. Several factors have been associated with the high prevalence of dengue fever; one of them is climate changes. This study aims to determine the relations between climate change and a number of dengue cases in Denpasar.

Methods: The climate change and a number of dengue cases data take place in Denpasar from the year 2010-2015 using observational study. The Spearman correlation test was used to know the relation between climate change ( maximum and minimum temperature, rainfall, humidity, light duration, and wind velocity ) and a number of dengue cases. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 software for windows.

Results: The highest prevalence of Dengue Fever infection was in 4,431 (38.16%) cases in 2010, followed by 1,837 (15,82%) cases in 2014, 1,766 (15.22%) cases in 2013, 1,576 (13.57%) cases in 2015, 1,009 (8.69%) cases in 2012, and 992 (8.54%) cases in 2011. Based on climate variables, rainfall has a weak significant relation affecting the number of dengue cases compared with others (r=0.247; p=0.036).

Conclusion: Rainfall was the only climates variables significantly related to the high prevalence of dengue fever in Denpasar, Bali since 2010-2015. So, further efforts need to be done to prevent dengue cases on rainy season.


  1. Dulay AVS, Bautista JR, Teves FG. Climate Change and Incidence of Dengue Fever (DF) and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Iligan City, Lanao del Porte, Philippines. Internasional Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 2013;2(7):37-41.
  2. Bandyopadhyay B, Bhattacharyya I, Adhikary S, Konar J, Dawar N, Sarkar J et al. A Comprehensive Study on The 2012 Dengue Fever Outbreak in Kolkata, India. ISRN Virology. 2013:ID 207580
  3. Morin CW, Comrie AC, Ernst K. Climate and dengue transmission: evidence and implications. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121(11-12):1264-72.
  4. Gubbler DJ. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic fever. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1998;11(3):480-96.
  5. Malavige GN, Fernando S, Fernando DJ, Seneviratne SL. Dengue viral infections. Postgrad Med J. 2004;80(948):588–601.
  6. Guzman MG, Halstead SB, Artsob H, Buchy P, Farrar J, Gubler DJ, et al. Dengue: a continuing global threat. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2010;8(12 Suppl):S7-16.
  7. Yu HL, Yang SJ, Yen HJ, Christakos G. A Spatio-Temporal Climate-Based Model of Early Dengue Fever Warning in Southern Taiwan. Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess. 2011;25(4):485–494.
  8. Gama ZP, Nakagoshi N. Climatic Variability and Dengue Haemaorrahgic Fever Incidence in Nganjuk District, East Java, Indonesia. Acta Biologica Malaysiana. 2013;2(1):31–39.
  9. Paul B, Tham WL. Interrelation Between Climate Change and Dengue in Malaysia. Health. 2015;7:672-678.
  10. Bhatia R, Dash AP, Sunyoto T. Changing epidemiology of dengue in South-East Asia. WHO South East Asia J Public Health. 2013;2(1):23-27.

How to Cite

Wiradarma, I. G. A. B. A., & Somia, I. K. A. (2019). Hubungan antara perubahan iklim dengan jumlah kasus demam dengue (DD) di Denpasar, Bali tahun 2010-2015. Intisari Sains Medis, 10(3).




Search Panel

I Gusti Agung Bagus Arya Wiradarma
Google Scholar
ISM Journal

I Ketut Agus Somia
Google Scholar
ISM Journal