Research Article

Faktor penyebab infertilitas pasien program IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) di Klinik Graha Tunjung RSUP Sanglah

Ni Wayan Ariati Trisna Dewi , Anom Suardika, Ryan Saktika Mulyana

Ni Wayan Ariati Trisna Dewi
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Email: ariatitrisnadewi19@gmail.com

Anom Suardika
Bagian/SMF Obgyn RSUP Sanglah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana

Ryan Saktika Mulyana
Bagian/SMF Obgyn RSUP Sanglah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Trisna Dewi, N., Suardika, A., Mulyana, R. 2019. Faktor penyebab infertilitas pasien program IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) di Klinik Graha Tunjung RSUP Sanglah. Intisari Sains Medis 10(3). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i3.421


Latar Belakang: Infertilitas adalah tidak mampu untuk hamil sesudah 12 bulan atau lebih tanpa menggunakan kontrasepsi dan bersifat primer dimana pasangan yang gagal untuk mendapatkan kehamilan untuk meneruskan keturunan. Infertilitas dapat disebabkan oleh faktor perempuan, laki-laki maupun keduanya. Sekitar 50-80 juta pasangan mengalami infertilitas di dunia, infertilitas di negara berkembang terjadi lebih tinggi yaitu sekitar 30%, di bandingkan negara maju hanya 5-8%.

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan suatu penelitian deskriptif cross sectional, Sumber data berasal dari data sekunder yaitu rekam medis pasien yang mengalami infertilitas di klinik graha tunjung RSUP Sanglah periode Januari 2016 -Desember 2017. Pengambilan data di ambil dengan metode Total Sampling. Distribusi variabel penelitian yaitu pada perempuan dengan faktor tuba, uterus dan ovarium sedangkan pada laki-laki yaitu faktor sperma.

Hasil: Kejadian infertilitas di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar periode Januari 2016 -Desember 2017 sebanyak 38 kasus. Pada perempuan yaitu faktor satu tuba non-paten sebanyak 4 kasus (25,0%), dan responden dengan kedua tuba non-paten sejumlah 12 kasus (75,0%). Kasus denghan kelainan Faktor ovarium, yaitu Endometrioma sebanyak 2 kasus (12,5%). Tidak didapatkan kasus dengan kelainan faktor Uterus pada Perempuan. Infertilitas pada laki-laki berdasarkan faktor sperma: oligozoospermia 1 kasus (5,6%), Asthenozoospermia 2 kasus (11,1%), Teratozoospermia 1 kasus (5,6%), Oligo Astheno Teratozoospermia 11 kasus (61,1%) dan Azoospermia 3 kasus (16,7%).

Simpulan: Faktor penyebbab infertilitas pada perempuan yang paling tinggi adalah kelainan pada tuba yaitu, kedua tuba non patten. Sedangkann penyebab infertilitas paling tinggi pada laki-laki yaitu kelainan pada sperma Oligo Astheno Teratozoospermia.



Introduction: Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after 12 months or more without using contraception and is primary where the couple fails to get a pregnancy to continue the offspring. Infertility can be caused by factors of women, men or both. Around 50-80 million couples experience infertility in the world, infertility in developing countries is higher, which is around 30%, compared to developed countries, only 5-8%.

Method: This research is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The source of the data comes from secondary data, namely medical records of patients experiencing infertility at the clinic visiting Sanglah Hospital for the period January 2016-December 2017. Data collection was taken by the Total Sampling method. The distribution of research variables is in women with tubal, uterine and ovarian factors whereas in men it is sperm factor.

Result: Infertility events at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar in January 2016 -December 2017 were 38 cases. In women, the factor of one non-patent tube were 4 cases (25.0%), and respondents with both non-patent tubes were 12 cases (75.0%). Ovarian factor abnormalities, Endometrioma were 2 cases (12.5%). There were no cases of Uterine factor abnormalities in Women. Infertility in men based on sperm factors: 1 case oligozoospermia (5.6%), Asthenozoospermia 2 cases (11.1%), Teratozoospermia 1 case (5.6%), Oligo Astheno Teratozoospermia 11 cases (61.1%) and Azoospermia 3 cases (16.7%).

Conclusion: The highest factor of infertility in women is abnormalities in the tube, both tubal non-patent. The highest cause of infertility in men is an abnormality in sperm, Oligo-Astheno-Teratozoospermia.

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