Research Article

The correlation of anxiety disorders and tension-type headache among medical students of Udayana University

Christine Kathy Putri Sari , Sri Yenni Trisnawati GS, Ida Ayu Sri Wijayanti, AA Bagus Ngurah Nuartha

Christine Kathy Putri Sari
Medical Education Program, Medical Faculty of Udayana University. Email: christine.kathy13@gmail.com

Sri Yenni Trisnawati GS
Neurology Department/SMF of RSUP Sanglah, Medical Faculty of Udayana University

Ida Ayu Sri Wijayanti
Neurology Department/SMF of RSUP Sanglah, Medical Faculty of Udayana University

AA Bagus Ngurah Nuartha
Neurology Department/SMF of RSUP Sanglah, Medical Faculty of Udayana University
Online First: June 17, 2019 | Cite this Article
Putri Sari, C., Trisnawati GS, S., Sri Wijayanti, I., Nuartha, A. 2019. The correlation of anxiety disorders and tension-type headache among medical students of Udayana University. Intisari Sains Medis 10(2). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i2.407


Introduction: a Tension-type headache (TTH) is a headache that is commonly happened in almost two-thirds of the world population, especially in medical students. Psychosocial factors, such as anxiety, is often contributed to the incidence of a tension-type headache.

Method: The research was using a cross sectional design study to prove the correlation of anxiety disorders and TTH in medical students. Samples were collected by a consecutive method from medical students on second semester, fourth semester, and sixth semesters of Udayana University study year 2017/2018. TTH was diagnosed based on Konsensus Nasional IV PERDOSSI 2013 and anxiety was scored by Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HARS). Lambda test was used to prove the correlation between anxiety disorders and TTH.

Result: There were 300 subjects with dominant age was between 19-20 years old (60.7%) and mostly woman (56.7%). The proportion of TTH was 85.3% while anxiety disorders were 66.7%. The incidence of TTH was found more commonly happened in a subject with anxiety disorders (94.5%) and statistically significant (p=0.001) with weak correlation (r=0.153).

Conclusion: These data show a correlation of anxiety disorders and TTH with weak correlation.

References

Viona. Nyeri Kepala. Jakarta: Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana. 2012.

Lindsay KW. Et al. Headache, neurology and neurosurgery. London: Churchill Livingstone. 2004.

Anurogo D. Tension-Type Headache. CDK-214. 2014. 41(3), pp. 186–191.

Pluta MR. Tension-Type Headache. The Journal of American Medical Association. 2016. 306(4), p. 450.

Ramezani A. Head Pain and Psychiatric Illness: Applying the biopsychosocial model to care. Current Psychiatry. 2015. 14(9), pp. 13–19.

Wei CB. Et al. Overlap between headache, depression, and anxiety in general neurological clinics: A cross-sectional study. Chinese Medical Journal. 2016. 129(12).

Tabalipa F de O. Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression among Medical Students. 2015. 39(3), pp. 388–394.

Ibrahim MB. & Abdelreheem MH. Alexandria University Faculty of Medicine Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria. Alexandria Journal of Medicine. Alexandria University Faculty of Medicine. 2015. 51(2), pp. 167–173.

Al-jabry NT Et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Tension Headache among 3rd Year Female Medical Students at Taibah University in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Academic Scientific Research. 2015. 3(4), pp. 46–53.

Waldie KE. Et al. Tension-Type Headache : A Life-Course Review. Journal of Headache & Pain Management. 2015. 1(1), pp. 1–9.

Lampl C. Et al. Headache , depression and anxiety : associations in the Eurolight project. The Journal of Headache and Pain. 2016. 17(59), pp. 2–9.

Yadav P. Prevalence of Tension Type Headache among Young Adults and Their Gender Difference on Percieved Stress Scale : A Comparative Study The International Journal of Indian Psychology, (2016) 4(1), pp. 173–177.

Freitag F. Managing and treating tension-type headache. Med Clin North Am. 2013. 97, pp. 281-292.

Lebedeva ER., Kobzeva NR. & Gilev DV Psychosocial factors associated with migraine and tension-type headache in medical students. Cephalalgia. 2016. 0(0), pp. 1–8.

Zebenholzer K., Et al. Impact of depression and anxiety on burden and management of episodic and chronic headaches- a cross-sectional multicenter study in eight Austrian headache centers. The Journal of Headache and Pain. 2016. 17(15), 2-4.

Engstrøm M. Et al. Sleep quality and arousal in migraine and tension-type headache : the headache-sleep study. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 2014. 129, pp. 47–54.

Haque B. Et al. Precipitating and relieving factors of migraine versus tension type headache. BMC Neurology. 2012. 12, pp. 2–5.

Rains JC., Davis RE., and Smitherman TA. Tension-Type Headache and Sleep. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015. 15, pp. 1–9.

Probyn K. Et al. Prognostic factors for chronic headache. Neurology. 2017. 89, pp. 1–12.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 12
PDF Downloads : 7