Research Article

Profile of maxillofacial injuries in Departement of Emergency Trauma and Acute Care Surgery in Sanglah General Hospital from January 2012 to November 2018

Anak Agung Gde Agung Anom Arie Wiradana , Ketut Wiargitha

Anak Agung Gde Agung Anom Arie Wiradana
General Surgery Resident, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Email: anomwiradana@gmail.com

Ketut Wiargitha
Department of Emergency and Acute Care Surgery, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: June 17, 2019 | Cite this Article
Wiradana, A., Wiargitha, K. 2019. Profile of maxillofacial injuries in Departement of Emergency Trauma and Acute Care Surgery in Sanglah General Hospital from January 2012 to November 2018. Intisari Sains Medis 10(2). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i2.401


Introduction: Maxillofacial injuries are common cause of trauma in emergency department. The goals in the treatment of maxillofacial injury are to restore premorbid occlusion. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics and outcome of the maxillofacial injuries patient in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar Bali.

Methods Retrospective study was held in Sanglah General Hospital from January 2012 to November 2018. The samples consisted of 241 patients. Age, gender, type of the fractures and surgical management were evaluated.

Results Maxillofacial injuries mostly occurred in male, aged 18-40 years old, the mandible was most frequently involved facial bone.  Internal fixation was the golden standard of the treatment chosen (83.73%) followed by Arch bar (16.27%).

Conclusion Road traffic accidents are the main reason for maxillofacial injury in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar Bali. Precise diagnosis and proper treatment result in optimal occlusion and integrity nervous system, both internal fixation and arch bar were given good outcome.

References

Brunicardi FC. Schwartz's Principal of Surgery ninth edition Maxillofacial Injury: Lippincott William and Wilkins: Philadelphia. 2003: p. 169.

Ribeiro M, Marcenes W, Croucher R, Sheiham A. The prevalence and causes of maxillofacial fractures in patients attending Accident and Emergency Departments in Recife-Brazil. Int Dent J. 2014;54:47-51.

Tuckett JW, Lynham A, Perry UH. Maxillofacial trauma in the emergency department: A review. The Surgeon. 2014;12(2):106-114.

Jose A, Nagori SA, Agarwal B, Bhutia O, Roychoudhury A. Management of maxillofacial injury. Journal of Emergencies Trauma and Shock. 2016:1(1):1-5.

Bali R, Sharma P, Jindal S, Sharma R. Bone resorption after bioresorbable fixation of a fractured pediatric mandible - a case report. Oral Surg. 2010;4:48-50

Al Ahmed HE, Jaber MA, Abu Fanas SH, Karas M. The pattern of maxillofacial fractures in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates: a review of 230 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;98;166-70

Omic J, Stephensen K. Oral maxillofacial fractures seen at a ugandan tertiary hospital: a six-month prospective study. Clinics 2009;64(9):302-308.

Ribeiro M, Marcenes W, Croucher R, Sheiham A. The prevalence and causes of maxillofacial fractures in patients attending Accident and Emergency Departments in Recife-Brazil. Int Dent J. 2004;54:47-51.

Haug RH, Prather J, Indresano AT: An epidemiologic survey of facial fractures and concomitant injuries. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1990;48:926-8.

McCabe JB, Angelos MG: Injury to the head and face in patients with cervical spine injury. Am J Emerg Med. 1984;333(2):1984 5.

Singh JK, Lateef M, Khan MA, Khan T. Clinical study of maxillofacial trauma in Kashmir. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;57(1):24-7.

Desai J, Lownie JF, Cleanton JPE. Prospective audit of mandibular fractures at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital. SAJS. 2010;48(4):12-126.

Adeyemo WL, Ladeinde AL, Ogunlewe MO and James O. Trends and characteristics of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Nigeria: a review of the literature. Head and Face Medicine. 2005;1(7):15-19.

Shayyab M, Alsoleihat F, Ryalat S and Khraisat A. Trends in the Pattern of Facial Fractures in Different Countries of the World. Int. J Morphol. 2012;30(2):745-756.

Alex M, Greenberg DDS, Joachim Prein. Craniomaxillofacial Reconstructive and Corrective Bone Surgery: Principles of Internal Fixation Using the AO/ASIF Technique. Int J Maxilo Sci. 2002;14(2):147-152.

Jamal BT, Diecidue R, Qutuo A, et al: The pattern of combined maxillofacial and cervical spine fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:559-63.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 11
PDF Downloads : 5