Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Persentase remaja pengguna rokok pada klien klinik napza di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar


Introduction: Smoking is a major cause of preventable death worldwide, and is a major risk factor for six of the eight leading causes of death, namely ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, lower respiratory infections, chronic pulmonary obstructive disease, tuberculosis and lung cancer. This study aims to determine the percentage of cigarette use, the characteristics of age for the first time smoking, and the percentage of use of cigarettes, alcohol, and other substances in PTRM Sandat clients Sanglah Hospital.

Method: This study was conducted at PTRM Sandat Sanglah Hospital in August to October 2015 using a descriptive cross-sectional design.

Results: The results of this study showed 100% of respondents smoked at a young age with 76% of respondents having a daily smoking status. The data obtained showed that the majority of smoking clients in the age of 13-15 years were 56% and 42% smoked at 16-19 years old. Judging from alcohol consumption, all study respondents consumed alcohol and 74% of respondents consumed marijuana. Of the total respondents, 60% consumed benzodiazepine and 62% of respondents took amphetamines. As many as 66% of respondents took halucinogen drugs and were responsive who consumed opioids by 36%.

Conclusion: Percentage of cigarette use in PTRM Sandat clients Sanglah Hospital one hundred percent positive using cigarettes with most having daily smoking status and all starting smoking in their teens. Smoking on PTRM Sandat clients at Sanglah General Hospital when teenagers become gateways for other drug use.


  1. Bala MM, Lukasz S, Roman TM, Kate C. Mass media interventions for smoking cessation in adults. The Cochrane Collaboration. 2013;7(1):237-246.
  2. Pförtner TK, Irene M, Katharina R, Anne H, Michal M, Anton EK, Matthias R. The association between family affluence and smoking among 15-year-old adolescents in 33 European countries, Israel and Canada: the role of national wealth. Society for the Study of Addiction. 2014;110(1):162-173.
  3. Weinberger AH, Corey EP, Carolyn MM, Sherry AM. Stability of smoking status in the US population: a longitudinal investigation. Society for the Study of Addiction. 2014; 109(9):1541–1553.
  4. Brinn MP, Carson KV, Esterman AJ, Chang AB, Smith BJ. Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people (Review). Wiley InterScience. 2012;7(8):86–144.
  5. Fergusson DM, Michael TL, John H. The role of peer affiliations, social, family and individual factors in continuities in cigarette smoking between childhood and adolescence. Society for the Study of Addiction. 2006;90(5):647-659.
  6. Cavazos R, Patricia A, Melissa JK, Edward L, Spitznagel RA, Grucza LJ. Youth tobacco use type and associations with substance use disorders. Society for the Study of Addiction. 2014;109(8):1371-1380.
  7. Audrain MG, Janet DR, Jon DK. Adolescent smoking and depression: evidence for self-medication and peer smoking mediation. Society for the Study of Addiction. 2009;104 (10):1743-1756.
  8. Kreek MJ. Methadone-Related Opioid Agonist harmacotherapy for Heroin Addiction: History, Recent Molecular and Neurochemical Research and Future in Mainstream Medicine. Journal of Psychiatric Addiction. 2006;103(11):1837-1846.
  9. Bell J. Pharmacological maintenance treatments of opiate addiction. The British Pharmacological Society. 2012;7(10):156-172.
  10. Auer R, Eric V, Catarina K, Jared PR, Nicolas RYA, Khodneva SG, Kertesz JC, Mark JP. Change in physical activity after smoking cessation: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Society for the Study of Addiction. 2014; 109(7):1172-1183.

How to Cite

Purnamasari, A., Diniari, N. K. S., & Wahyuni, A. A. S. (2019). Persentase remaja pengguna rokok pada klien klinik napza di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar. Intisari Sains Medis, 10(1).




Search Panel

Ade Purnamasari
Google Scholar
ISM Journal

Ni Ketut Sri Diniari
Google Scholar
ISM Journal

Anak Ayu Sri Wahyuni
Google Scholar
ISM Journal