Research Article

Gambaran fraktur elbow pada anak-anak di RSUP Sanglah tahun 2012-2013

Ketut Arya Surya Pranata , IGST Ngurah Wien Arnaya

Ketut Arya Surya Pranata
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Email: aryapranata1995@gmail.com

IGST Ngurah Wien Arnaya
Bagian/SMF Orthopedi dan Traumatologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana-RSUP Sanglah Denpasar
Online First: August 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Pranata, K., Wien Arnaya, I. 2019. Gambaran fraktur elbow pada anak-anak di RSUP Sanglah tahun 2012-2013. Intisari Sains Medis 10(2). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i2.299


Introduction: Fracture is a loss of bone continuity, either total or partial, usually caused by trauma. Fractures in children are more common due to the immature musculoskeletal system, this is because the child is more susceptible to tears on joint surfaces, epiphyseal plates, aphophyseal insertion of large tendon muscle units. This study aims to determine the prevalence of elbow fracture in children at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar in 2012 until 2013.

Method: Study design using cross-sectional method, evaluating the characteristics of elbow fracture in children at Sanglah General Hospital in the period 2012 to 2013.

Results: Males tend to have more elbow fractures compared with females with a 73% proportion, based on the cause of overall fracture of the sample due to falling during activity, based on the fracture type  more subjects experiencing fractures of the supracondylar humerus fracture compared with olecranon fractures as much as 93%.

Conclusion: The prevalence of elbow fracture in children in Sanglah General Hospital in 2012-2013 is 15 cases, all caused by falling during the activity. The type of elbow fracture found in most children is a supracondylar humerus fracture.

References

Parent S, Wedemeyer M, Mahar AT, Anderson M, Faro F, Steinman S, et al. Displaced olecranon fractures in children: a biomechanical analysis of fixation methods. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008;28(2):147–151.

Bashyal RK, Chu JY, Schoenecker PL, Dobbs MB, Luhmann SJ, Gordon JE. Complications after pinning of supracondylar distal humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009;29(7):704–708.

Houshian S, Mehdi B, Larsen S. The epidemiology of elbow fracture in children analysis of 355 fractures, with special reference to supracondylar humerus fracture. Jpurnal of Orthopaedic Science. 2001;6(4):312-315.

Landin LA. Fracture patterns in children. Analysis of 8.682 fractures with special reference to incidence, etiology and secular changes in a Swedish urban population 1950-1979. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl. 1983;202:1-10.

Lee SS, Mahar AT, Miesen D, Newton PO. Displaced pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures: biomechanical analysis of percutaneous pinning techniques. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002;22(4):440–443.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 206
PDF Downloads : 18