Research Article

Perbedaan stress kerja pada perawat di ruang unit gawat darurat dengan perawat di ruang rawat inap Rumah Sakit “S” di Kota Denpasar tahun 2017

Putu Dharma Putri Mahastuti , I Made Muliarta, Luh Made Indah Sri Handari Adiputra

Putu Dharma Putri Mahastuti
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas kedokteran, Universitas Udayana. Email: dharmaputrimahastuti@yahoo.com

I Made Muliarta
Bagian Ilmu Faal, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Luh Made Indah Sri Handari Adiputra
Bagian Ilmu Faal, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana
Online First: June 17, 2019 | Cite this Article
Putri Mahastuti, P., Muliarta, I., Adiputra, L. 2019. Perbedaan stress kerja pada perawat di ruang unit gawat darurat dengan perawat di ruang rawat inap Rumah Sakit “S” di Kota Denpasar tahun 2017. Intisari Sains Medis 10(2). DOI:10.15562/ism.v10i2.212


Introduction: Job stress can be interpreted as a demand or stressor that can cause a complaint or stress caused by work. This study was conducted to know the difference of job stress that happened at Emergency Room and inpatient ward at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. Method: This study used cross sectional analytic design and the data was analyze from the job stress questionnaire that was validated. Questionnaires were given to nurses that working in the emergency room and inpatient ward at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. The samples size is 116 subjects. Result: The result is 7 nurses at the emergency room (12.1%) and 29 inpatients (50%) had mild stress, 33 ER nurses (56.9%) and 25 inpatients (43.1%) experienced moderate stress meanwhile, at 18 ER nurses (31%) and 4 inpatients (6.9%) had severe stress. Based on statistical test to find out the difference of work stress using Mann-Whitney test, the result of Mann-Whitney U value is 841.0 and p value is 0.000. So it can be concluded that p value  <0.05. Conclusion: Thus, there is a significant difference in the level of work stress between nurses who served in the emergency room with inpatient care.

References

Widodo. Perbedaan Tingkat Stres Kerja Antara Perawat Kritis dan Perawat Gawat Darurat di RSUD DR. Moewardi Surakarta. Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Skripsi. 2010.

Martina, A. Gambaran Stres Kerja Perawat di Ruang Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Paru Dr. Moehammad Goenawan Partowidigdo Cisarua Bogor (RSPG). Jakarta: Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia. Skripsi. 2012.

Najimi, A., Goundarzi, A.M., Sharifirad, G. Causes of Job Stress in Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research. 2012; 17: 301-305.

WHO. Stress at The Workplace. Occupational Health Topics. 2007. Tersedia di : http://www.who.int/occupational_health/topics/stressatwp/en/

Sepahvand, E., Mirzaei, M., et al. Evaluation of Occupational Stress and the Effective Factor on it in the Staff of Educational Hospital of Shohada – e – Ashayer of Khoram Abad in 2014. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2015. 14(9):80-84.

Jusnimar. Gambaran Tingkat Stres Kerja Perawat Intensive Cace Unit (ICU) di Rumah Sakit Kanker Dharmais. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia. Skripsi. 2012

Preston, J., Shipton, H. The Relationship Between Age, Stress and Learning During Organisational Change. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development Centres Conference, Keele University. 2011.

Rauschenbach, C., Krumm, S., Thielgen, M., Hertel, G. Age and Work-related stress: a review and meta-analysis. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 2012. 28 (7/8): 781-804. Tersedia di: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/loi/jmp

McCarty, W.P., Zhao, J.S., Garland, B.E. Occupational Stress and Burnout Between Male and Female Police Officer Are There Any Gender Differences?. An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 2007. 30 (4): 672-691. Tersedia di: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/loi/pijpsm

Parveen, Nagina. Investigating Occupational Stress Among Married and Unmarried Working Woman In Hyderabad City. Bahria Journal of Professional Psychology. 2009. 5: 21-37.

Potu, Aurelia. Kepemimpinan, Motivasi, dan Lingkungan Kerja Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan pada Kanwil Ditjen Kekayaan Negara Suluttenggo dan Maluku Utara di Manado. Jurnal EMBA. 2013. 1 (4): 1208-1218.

Aiska, S. Analisi Faktor-Faktor yang Berpengaruh pada Tingkat Stres Kerja Perawat di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Grhasia Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Skripsi. 2014.

Fitri, Azizah Musliha. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Stres Kerja Pada Karyawan Bank (Studi Pada Karyawan Bank BMT). Semarang : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat UNDIP. 2013. 2(1).

Heglund, S.D. Stressor Experienced By Emergency Department Registered Nurses At The Bedside : A Phenomenological Study. College of Nursing at the University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida. 2012.

Healy, S., Tyrrell, M. Stress in Emergency Departments : Experiences of Nurse and Doctors. Emergency Nurse. 2011. 19 (4): 31-37.

Rosadi, D., Rahman, F., Yulia, V., Rahman, M.A., et al. Perbedaan Tingkat Stres Kerja pada Perawat Instalasi Gawat Darurat (IGD) dan Unit Rawat Inap di RSUD DR. H. Moch. Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin. Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Pekalongan. 2015.

Mulyadi, L.K. Perbedaan Tingkat Stres Kerja Perawat Instalasi Gawat Darurat dan Unit Rawat Inap di Rumah Sakit Pancaran Kasih GMIM Manado. eJournal Keperawatan Universitas Sam Ratulangi. 2015. 3(1).

Prasanty, D, Husada, M.S, Effendy, E, SImbolon, M.J. Work-related psychological distress and social dysfunction in Nurses at Haji Hospital Medan-Indonesia. Bali Med J. 2018. 7(2):279-284.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 12
PDF Downloads : 7