Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Faktor – faktor risiko terjadinya obesitas sentral pada mahasiswa jenjang sarjana fakultas kedokteran universitas udayana

Abstract

Background: Central obesity is defined as abnormal and excessive fat grazing and can be measured by measuring abdominal circumference > 90 cm in men. Central obesity is closely related to the risk of non-communicable and chronic diseases, as well as poor quality of life, especially in the young population. This study aims to determine the risk factors for central obesity in undergraduate students from the medical faculty at Udayana University.

Method: Case-control research was carried out by filling out questionnaires and measuring waist circumference on undergraduate students at the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, during December 2023. Inclusion criteria were age 17 - 23 years, has no history of obesity, male. Analysis was carried out with SPSS version 26.0

Results: This study involved 94 respondents with an average BMI of the case group of 29.35 and an average BMI of the control group of 22.27. The average waist circumference of the case group was 102 cm. The control group was 76 cm. 32 students (68%) in the case group and 17 (36,2%) in the control group reported frequent physical activity. Based on the bivariate analysis between the factors of physical activity, breakfast, fiber consumption, snack consumption, and sedentary lifestyle on obesity, only the physical activity factor was significantly related to obesity (Chi-Square; two-tailed p value=0.002)

Conclusion: Physical activity factors are significantly related to central obesity among undergraduate students at the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.

 

Latar Belakang: Obesitas sentral didefinisikan sebagai penumpukan lemak yang abnormal dan berlebihan, serta dapat dicerminkan melalui pengukuran lingkar perut > 90 cm pada laki-laki. Obesitas sentral berhubungan erat dengan risiko penyakit tidak menular dan penyakit kronis, serta kualitas hidup yang buruk, khususnya pada populasi usia muda. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor risiko terjadinya obesitas sentral pada mahasiswa jenjang sarjana fakultas kedokteran Universitas Udayana.

Metode: Penelitian case-control yang dilakukan berupa pengisian kuesioner dan pengukuran lingkar pinggang terhadap mahasiswa jenjang sarjana Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana selama periode Desember 2023. Kriteria inklusi berupa usia 17 - 23 tahun, tidak memiliki riwayat penyakit terkait obesitas, dan berjenis kelamin laki-laki. Analisis dilakukan dengan SPSS versi 26.0

Hasil: Penelitian ini melibatkan 94 responden dengan rata-rata IMT kelompok kasus 29,35 dan rata-rata IMT kelompok kontrol 22,27. Rata-rata lingkar pinggang kelompok kasus sebesar 102 cm dan kelompok kontrol sebesar 76 cm. Sebanyak 32 mahasiswa (68%) pada kelompok kasus dan 17 mahasiswa (36,2%) pada kelompok kontrol dilaporkan sering beraktivitas fisik. Berdasarkan analisis bivariat antara faktor aktivitas fisik, sarapan, konsumsi serat, konsumsi jajan, dan sedentary lifestyle terhadap obesitas, hanya faktor aktivitas fisik yang berhubungan secara signifikan dengan obesitas (Chi-Square; two-tailed p value=0,002)

Kesimpulan: Faktor aktivitas fisik berhubungan secara signifikan terhadap terjadinya obesitas sentral di kalangan mahasiswa jenjang Sarjana Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana.

References

  1. Barnes AS. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles: risk for cardiovascular disease in women. Texas Hear Inst J. 2012;39(2):224–7.
  2. Salim BRK, Wihandani DM, Dewi NNA. Obesitas sebagai faktor risiko terjadinya peningkatan kadar trigliserida dalam darah: tinjauan pustaka. Intisari Sains Medis. 2021;12(2):519–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v12i2.1031.
  3. Mahalingam S, Wihandani D. Prevalence of obesity and factors contributes to obese among medical student in Medical Faculty of Udayana University in 2016. Intisari Sains Medis. 2018;9(3):21–3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v9i3.288.
  4. Abiri B, Ahmadi AR, Amini S, Akbari M, Hosseinpanah F, Madinehzad SA, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Iranian population: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Health Popul Nutr. 2023 Jul;42(1):70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41043-023-00419-w.
  5. Thamrin SA, Arsyad DS, Kuswanto H, Lawi A, Arundhana AI. Obesity Risk-Factor Variation Based on Island Clusters: A Secondary Analysis of Indonesian Basic Health Research 2018. Nutrients. 2022 Feb;14(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050971.
  6. Yuliadewi NS LG, Arimbawa IM. Gambaran profil lipid dan dislipidemia pada remaja dengan obesitas di kota Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Intisari Sains Medis. 2020;11(2):629–33.
  7. Budiarto A, Widjaja NA, Irawan R. Successful obesity management in a 115 kg 14-year-old child : a case report. Bali Medical Journal. 2023;12(3):2351–8.
  8. Silveira EA, Mendonça CR, Delpino FM, Elias Souza GV, Pereira de Souza Rosa L, de Oliveira C, et al. Sedentary behavior, physical inactivity, abdominal obesity and obesity in adults and older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Nutr ESPEN [Internet]. 2022;50:63–73. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405457722002893
  9. Bombak AE. Obese persons’ physical activity experiences and motivations across weight changes: a qualitative exploratory study. BMC Public Health. 2015 Nov;15:1129.
  10. Althubaiti A. Information bias in health research: definition, pitfalls, and adjustment methods. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2016;9:211–7.
  11. Zefanya SM, Achmad P, Agusteive T. Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Kejadian Obesitas Di Puskesmas Pangolombian. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat UNIMA. 2020;4(1):0–8.

How to Cite

Anak Agung Abhymantra Agusta Kurnia, Karmaya, I. N. M. ., Wardana, I. N. G. ., & Widianti, I. G. A. . (2024). Faktor – faktor risiko terjadinya obesitas sentral pada mahasiswa jenjang sarjana fakultas kedokteran universitas udayana. Intisari Sains Medis, 15(1), 150–153. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v15i1.1962

HTML
0

Total
0

Share

Search Panel

Anak Agung Abhymantra Agusta Kurnia
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal


I Nyoman Mangku Karmaya
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal


I Nyoman Gede Wardana
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal


I Gusti Ayu Widianti
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal