Introduction: Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a kind of Müllerian duct anomaly characterized by the absence or underdevelopment of the uterus and the top two-thirds of the vagina. MRKH syndrome is characterized by primary amenorrhea in young women who exhibit typical development of secondary sexual characteristics and normal external genitalia. These individuals have normal and functioning ovaries and a karyotype of 46, XX. Gonadal dysgenesis is the most prevalent cause of primary amenorrhea, followed by this condition. This case report aims to elaborate on MRI findings in females with typical and atypical types of MRKH syndrome.
Case Description: The authors describe two female patients who presented with primary amenorrhea, normal external genitalia, and typical secondary sexual characteristics. These patients underwent MRI to identify the uterine and vaginal structure and additional non-gynaecologic abnormalities.
Conclusion: MRI is the best imaging technique for the accurate evaluation of pelvic anatomy, uterine aplasia, uterine development, vaginal structure, and location of the ovaries, hence essential in the diagnosis, classification, and surgical planning of MRKH syndrome.