Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Prevalence and Characteristics of Eye Diseases in Keerom District: The First Report from Easternmost Indonesia without Ophthalmology Facilities

Abstract

Purpose: Prevalence estimation of eye diseases in a given area is essential to plan eye care services. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of eye disease among the Keerom residents as an initial step in starting eye care provisions in easternmost Papua, Indonesia, where ophthalmology facilities are currently absent.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Keerom District, easternmost Papua, Indonesia, in August 2023. Data were collected using total sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Eye examination was done using an ophthalmoscope. All data were coded, entered, and analyzed using SPSS version 24.

Results: A total of 1,035 patients were included in this study. Mean age was 48.24±13.00 years old (range 3-82 years old), of which females accounted for 62.3%. The most prevalent eye disease was cataract (52.6%), which predominantly incipient cataract (20.9%). The second and third most prevalent were pterygium (6.7%) and refractive error (4.2%). Patients who have cataract and pterygium concurrently account for 4.3%. Other diseases (2.6%) were found, such as leucoma, retinopathy, and ocular trauma.

Conclusions: This report showed a need to establish and enhance eye care services, conduct community campaigns to raise awareness, and encourage proactive eye services-seeking behavior among the Keerom population.

References

  1. Coombs NC, Campbell DG, Caringi J. A qualitative study of rural healthcare providers' views of social, cultural, and programmatic barriers to healthcare access. BMC Health Serv Res. 2022 Apr 2;22(1):438. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-07829-2.
  2. Jiang H, Wang LN, Liu Y, Li M, Wu M, Yin Y, Ma L, Wu CR. Physical activity and risk of age-related cataract. Int J Ophthalmol. 2020 Apr 18;13(4):643-649. doi: 10.18240/ijo.2020.04.18.
  3. Shahraki T, Arabi A, Feizi S. Pterygium: an update on pathophysiology, clinical features, and management. Ther Adv Ophthalmol. 2021 May 31;13:25158414211020152. doi: 10.1177/25158414211020152.
  4. Liu Y, Xu C, Wang S, et alAccurate detection and grading of pterygium through smartphone by a fusion training modelBritish Journal of Ophthalmology.2023:1-7. doi: 10.1136/bjo-2022-322552
  5. Wanzeler ACV, Barbosa IAF, Duarte B, Borges D, Barbosa EB, Kamiji D, Huarachi DRG, Melo MB, Alves M. Mechanisms and biomarker candidates in pterygium development. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2019 Sep 30;82(6):528-536. doi: 10.5935/0004-2749.20190103.
  6. Rif’Ati L, Halim A, Lestari YD, Moeloek NF, Limburg H. Blindness and Visual Impairment Situation in Indonesia Based on Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness Surveys in 15 Provinces. Ophthalmic Epidemiology. 2021;28(5):408-419. doi: 10.1080/09286586.2020.1853178
  7. Ismandari F. Infodatin Situasi Gangguan Penglihatan. Kementrian Kesehat RI Pus Data dan Inf [Internet]. 2018;11. Available from: https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/download.php?file=download/pusdatin/infod atin/infodatin-Gangguan-penglihatan-2018.pdf
  8. Saw SM, Husain R, Gazzard GM, Koh D, Widjaja D, Tan DT. Causes of low vision and blindness in rural Indonesia. Br J Ophthalmol. 2003 Sep;87(9):1075-8. doi: 10.1136/bjo.87.9.1075.
  9. Zainal M, Ismail SM, Ropilah AR, Elias H, Arumugam G, Alias D, Fathilah J, Lim TO, Ding LM, Goh PP. Prevalence of blindness and low vision in Malaysian population: results from the National Eye Survey 1996. Br J Ophthalmol. 2002 Sep;86(9):951-6. doi: 10.1136/bjo.86.9.951.
  10. Sutradhar I, Gayen P, Hasan M, Gupta RD, Roy T, Sarker M. Eye diseases: the neglected health condition among urban slum population of Dhaka, Bangladesh. BMC Ophthalmol. 2019 Jan 31;19(1):38. doi: 10.1186/s12886-019-1043-z.
  11. Garap JN, Sheeladevi S, Shamanna BR, Nirmalan PK, Brian G, Williams C. Blindness and vision impairment in the elderly of Papua New Guinea. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2006 May-Jun;34(4):335-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9071.2006.01219.x.
  12. Dineen BP, Bourne RR, Ali SM, Huq DM, Johnson GJ. Prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment in Bangladeshi adults: results of the National Blindness and Low Vision Survey of Bangladesh. Br J Ophthalmol. 2003 Jul;87(7):820-8. doi: 10.1136/bjo.87.7.820.
  13. Thulasiraj RD, Nirmalan PK, Ramakrishnan R, Krishnadas R, Manimekalai TK, Baburajan NP, et al. Blindness and vision impairment in a rural south Indian population: the Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey. Ophthalmology. 2003;110(8):1491–8. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12917162/
  14. Khrisnawati, A.A.A.P., Adiputra, K.P., Kartiningsih, I.P., Dwipayani, N.M. and Prahesthy, H.P. 2020. Characteristics of Cataract Patients in Wangaya Hospital Bali Year 2019: A Descriptive Study. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences. 2020;2(2):1-10. doi: https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2020.2.2.176.
  15. Gazzard G, Saw SM, Farook M, Koh D, Widjaja D, Chia SE, et al. Pterygium in Indonesia: prevalence, severity and risk factors. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2002;86(12):1341–6. doi: 10.1136/bjo.86.12.1341.
  16. Kemenkes Ri. 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar; RISKESDAS. Jakarta: Balitbang.
  17. Sitompul R, Lestari YD, Siregar S, Ayudianingrum A, Isfiyanto I, Kusumowidagdo G, et al. The burden of ocular diseases in an underdeveloped village in Southwest Sumba, Eastern Indonesia, 2016. Medical Journal of Indonesia. 2017;26(4):277–85. doi: https://doi.org/10.13181/mji.v26i4.1808.
  18. Ramke J, Brian G, Naduvilath T, Lee L, Qoqonokana MQ. Prevalence and causes of blindness and low vision revisited after 5 years of eye care in timor-leste. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012;19(2):52–7. doi: 10.3109/09286586.2011.645108.
  19. Wolde Kentayiso T, Alto AA, Abebaw Z, Misker D, Godana Boynito W. Cataract Prevalence and Its Associated Factors among Adult People Aged 40 Years and above in South Ari District, Southern Ethiopia. Adv Public Health. 2023;1-9. doi: 10.1155/2023/1996608
  20. Cai XB, Shen SR, Chen DF, Zhang Q, Jin ZB. An overview of myopia genetics. Exp Eye Res. 2019 Nov;188:107778. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2019.107778.
  21. Ackland P, Resnikoff S, Bourne R. World blindness and visual impairment: despite many successes, the problem is growing. Community Eye Health. 2017;30(100):71-73.
  22. Handayani-Ariestanti, T., Supradnya-Anom, I., & Pemayun-Dewayani, I. Characteristic Of Patients with Refractive Disorder at Eye Clinic of Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 2012;1(3):101–107. doi: 10.15562/bmj.v1i3.23

How to Cite

Alberta, I. B. (2023). Prevalence and Characteristics of Eye Diseases in Keerom District: The First Report from Easternmost Indonesia without Ophthalmology Facilities. Intisari Sains Medis, 14(3), 1130–1134. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v14i3.1845

HTML
0

Total
0

Share

Search Panel

Ivana Beatrice Alberta
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal