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Karakteristik Status Gizi Anak Di Panti Asuhan Cica Dan Panti Asuhan Sekar Pengharapan Badung, Bali

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition and obesity during childhood are associated with higher rates of mortality and morbidity. Malnutrition causes 45% of deaths in children under five years old worldwide and predisposes children to infectious diseases such as diarrhea and acute respiratory infections

Objective: Analyze the characteristics of nutritional status in children of Sekar Pengharapan Orphanage and Widhya Asih Cica Badung Children's Social Welfare Institute, Bali.

Method: This study used a descriptive research design to analyze the characteristics of nutritional status in Sekar Pengharapan Orphanage and Widhya Asih Cica Badung Children's Social Welfare Institute, Bali. This study used questionnaire data. Completeness of data is taken from children living in orphanages and given questionnaires to complete data and questions according to the questionnaire.

Results: A total of 50 children were obtained with an average age of 15.52 years. In anthropometric status, the average body weight was 47.74 kg, height was 155.08 cm and average body mass index was 19.74 kg / m2. Based on nutritional status, more well-nourished children were found (92%), and there were no children with stunting (100%).

Conclusion: In this study found an average age of 15.52 years with more women than men, it was found that most children with normal nutritional status and no stunting was found. More extensive research at many centers is needed for wider data collection.

 

Latar belakang: Kekurangan gizi dan kegemukan selama masa kanak-kanak dikaitkan dengan tingkat mortalitas dan morbiditas yang lebih tinggi. Kurang gizi menyebabkan 45% kematian pada anak usia di bawah lima tahun di seluruh dunia dan merupakan predisposisi bagi anak untuk menderita penyakit menular seperti diare dan infeksi saluran pernapasan akut

Tujuan: Menganalisis karakteristik status gizi pada Anak Panti Asuhan Sekar Pengharapan dan Lembaga Kesejahteraan Sosial Anak Widhya Asih Cica Badung, Bali.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian deskriptif untuk menganalisis karakteristik status gizi pada Anak Panti Asuhan Sekar Pengharapan dan Lembaga Kesejahteraan Sosial Anak Widhya Asih Cica Badung, Bali. Penelitian ini menggunakan data kuisioner. Kelengkapan data diambil dari anak yang tinggal di Panti Asuhan dan diberikan kuisioner untuk melengkapi data dan pertanyaan sesuai dengan kuisioner.

Hasil: Didapatkan total 50 anak dengan rata-rata usia adalah 15,52 tahun. Pada status atropometri didapatkan rata-rata berat badan adalah 47,74 kg, tinggi badan 155,08 cm dan rerata indeks massa tubuh adalah 19,74 kg/m2. Berdasarkan status gizi, ditemukan lebih banyak anak bergizi baik (92%), dan ditemukan tidak ada anak dengan stunting (100%).

Kesimpulan: Pada penelitian ini ditemukan rata-rata umur 15,52 tahun dengan lebih banyak perempuan dibandingkan laki-laki, ditemukan sebagian besar anak dengan status gizi normal dan tidak ditemukan adanya stunting. Penelitian lebih luas pada banyak pusat diperlukan untuk pendataan lebih luas.

References

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How to Cite

Cahyana, I. K. Y. ., Sidiartha, I. G. L. ., & Pratiwi, I. G. A. P. E. . (2023). Karakteristik Status Gizi Anak Di Panti Asuhan Cica Dan Panti Asuhan Sekar Pengharapan Badung, Bali. Intisari Sains Medis, 14(3), 1099–1102. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v14i3.1825

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I Ketut Yoshi Cahyana
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I Gusti Lanang Sidiartha
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I Gusti Ayu Putu Eka Pratiwi
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