Background: Diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease are chronic diseases that are very closely related. It has long been known that diabetes mellitus is a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing, according to data taken from the PERKENI consensus, WHO predicts an increase in the number of people with DM in Indonesia from 8.4 million in 2000 to around 21.3 million in 2030. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diabetes mellitus is related to cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy.
Methods: This research method is helpful to know that diabetes mellitus is directly related to cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy so that it will affect a person's hemodynamic quality functionally. In addition, to functionally affecting a person's hemodynamic capacity, determining that a patient with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is determined from the high resting heart rate and abnormal recovery heart rate variables after the treadmill exercise test, we can provide information and education to patients regarding the importance of a cardiac rehabilitation program in patients with coronary heart disease.
Results: A total of 45 people according to the calculation of the number of samples by type, male sex numbered 30 and female numbered 15 people. The number of patients who experienced impaired recovery of the 1-minute heart rate in this study was 25 people (55.5%) with the majority being male. And the number of sufferers who experience high heart rates at rest is 22 people (48.9%). In a bivariate analysis, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and without type 2 diabetes mellitus significantly worsened recovery heart rate (P value <0.05).
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between diabetes mellitus on high resting heart rate and diabetes mellitus on poor heart rate recovery in 1 minute in patients with coronary heart disease.