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Determinan Pilihan Karir pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran di Asia dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi: Tinjauan Literatur

Abstract

Choosing a career as a doctor is an important decision because it will impact the future. Previous studies have stated that >75% of medical students are interested in becoming specialist doctors and working in hospitals compared to primary care facilities. Currently, many factors influence medical students' career choices, causing an unequal distribution of employment for doctors. This study examines the determinants of career choice among medical students in Asia and the factors that influence them. This research method reflects the literature, with 27 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The sample used includes research conducted in the Asian region with a descriptive and analytic design. Based on these studies, becoming a medical specialist is the most common career choice. The factors involved include personal and professional characteristics, family, colleagues, and the economy.

 

Pemilihan karir bagi seorang dokter merupakan keputusan penting karena akan berdampak pada masa depan. Penelitian yang telah dilakukan sebelumnya menyatakan bahwa >75% mahasiswa kedokteran memiliki minat untuk menjadi dokter spesialis dan bekerja di rumah sakit dibandingkan dengan fasilitas layanan primer. Saat ini terdapat banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi pemilihan karir mahasiswa kedokteran sehingga menyebabkan ketidakmerataan distribusi lapangan kerja dokter. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menelaah determinan pilihan karir pada mahasiswa kedokteran di Asia serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Metode penelitian ini adalah tinjauan literatur. Terdapat 27 studi yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Sampel yang digunakan meliputi penelitian yang dilakukan pada regio Asia dengan rancangan deskriptif maupun analitik. Berdasarkan studi tersebut, pilihan karir untuk menjadi dokter spesialis paling sering ditemukan. Adapun faktor yang terlibat meliputi faktor karakteristik pribadi dan profesi, keluarga, teman sejawat, dan ekonomi.

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How to Cite

Manuaba, I. B. A. P., & Yani, M. V. W. (2022). Determinan Pilihan Karir pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran di Asia dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi: Tinjauan Literatur. Intisari Sains Medis, 13(3), 823–828. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v13i3.1709

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