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Hubungan lama mengalami Diabetes Melitus Tipe-2 (DMT2) dengan terjadinya Sindrom Defisiensi Testosteron (SDT) di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan I, Bali, Indonesia

Abstract

Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic condition defined by uncontrolled blood sugar due to disruptions in insulin secretion, insulin performance, or both, which can lead to Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (SDT) in males. This study aims to assess the link between the length of T2DM and the occurrence of SDT at the South Denpasar I Health Center in Bali, Indonesia.

Methods: An analytic cross-sectional study was undertaken at the South Denpasar I Health Center in Bali, Indonesia, utilizing purposive sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria in 2022. The duration of T2DM was the independent variable in this study, while the dependent variable was Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TDS) (ADAM score). TDS was calculated using the ADAM score questionnaire, which consisted of ten validated "yes or no" items translated into Indonesian. SPSS version 20 for Windows was used to analyze the data.

Results: Most of the respondents were aged 36-45 years (46.7%), domiciled in Denpasar (70.0%), had normal BMI (18-25 kg/m2) (66.7%), had smoking habits (63.3%), did not have a habit of consuming alcohol (86.7%), duration of type II DM > 12 months (83.3%), and positive ADAM score (80.0%). The bivariate analysis results showed a significant relationship between the duration of T2DM and the ADAM score (p=0.003).

Conclusion: There is a statistically significant relationship between the length of time experiencing T2DM and the occurrence of testosterone deficiency syndrome obtained through medical record data and filling out the ADAM score questionnaire

 

Latar Belakang: Diabetes Melitus tipe 2 (DMT2) adalah suatu penyakit metabolik yang dikarakteristikkan dengan tidak terkontrolnya gula darah karena adanya gangguan pada sekresi insulin, kinerja insulin, ataupun keduanya dimana dapat memicu komplikasi pada laki-laki berupa Sindrom Defisiensi Testosteron (SDT). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi hubungan lama mengalami DMT2 dengan terjadinya SDT di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan I, Bali, Indonesia.

Metode: Penelitian observasional analitik dengan pendekatan potong lintang dilakukan di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan I, Bali, Indonesia pada tahun 2022 dengan purposive sampling berdasarkan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Variabel bebas pada penelitian ini adalah lama mengalami DMT2 sedangkan variabel tergantung pada penelitian ini adalah Sindrom Defisiensi Testosteron (SDT) (skor ADAM). SDT ditetapkan berdasarkan kuesioner skor ADAM yang terdiri dari 10 pertanyaan “ya atau tidak” yang sudah divalidasi dan dialih bahasa ke Bahasa Indonesia. Data dianalisis dengan SPSS versi 20 untuk Windows.

Hasil: Sebagian besar responden berusia 36-45 tahun (46,7%), berdomisili di Denpasar (70,0%), memiliki IMT normal (18-25 kg/m2) (66,7%), memiliki kebiasaan merokok (63,3%), tidak memiliki kebiasaan konsumsi alkohol (86,7%), durasi DM tipe II > 12 bulan (83,3%), dan hasil positif skor ADAM (80,0%). Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara durasi DMT2 dengan skor ADAM (p=0,003)

Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan bermakna secara statistik antara lama waktu mengalami DMT2 dengan terjadinya sindrom defisiensi testosteron yang didapat melalui data rekam medis dan pengisian kuesioner skor ADAM

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How to Cite

Simanjuntak, A. M., Pramesemara, I. G. N., & Ratnayanti, I. G. A. D. (2023). Hubungan lama mengalami Diabetes Melitus Tipe-2 (DMT2) dengan terjadinya Sindrom Defisiensi Testosteron (SDT) di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan I, Bali, Indonesia. Intisari Sains Medis, 14(1), 474–479. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v14i1.1596

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Arlinto Martogi Simanjuntak
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I Gusti Ngurah Pramesemara
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I Gusti Ayu Dewi Ratnayanti
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