Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Klasifikasi Etiologi Presbikusis Berdasarkan Hasil Audiogram di Poliklinik THT-KL RSUP Prof. Dr. I.G.N.G. Ngoerah Periode Januari-Desember 2020

  • Pande Nyoman Bayu Tirtayasa ,
  • I Made Wiranadha ,

Abstract

Background: Presbycusis or age-related hearing loss, is the most common cause of hearing loss and also the most common neurodegenerative disorder. This age-related hearing loss occurs in the population over 60 years of age. This study aims to determine the type of presbycusis in presbycusis patients at the ENT Polyclinic of Prof. Dr. I.G.N.G. Ngoerah Hospital for the period of January-December 2020.

Methods: This study is a retrospective descriptive study with a total sample of 42 people taken consecutively in presbycusis patients at the ENT Polyclinic of Prof. Dr. I.G.N.G. Ngoerah Hospital for the period of January-December 2020.

Results: The results showed that the audiogram results based on the right and left ears, 42.8% and 45.2% had strial type presbycusis, 30.9% and 28.6% had cochlear type presbycusis, 21.4% and 23.8% had sensory type presbycusis, 4.8% and 2.4% had neural type presbycusis.

Conclusion: From the results of this study, it can be concluded that the average degree of deafness of the right and left ears is moderate-heavy, with the dominant type of presbycusis being the strial or metabolic type. Presbycusis shows a wide variation in the degree of deafness, hearing acuity, age of onset, and progression, so it is likely that the burden of presbycusis in the population may increase in the future.

 

Latar Belakang: Presbikusis atau penurunan pendengaran terkait usia, merupakan penyebab gangguan pendengaran dan sekaligus juga merupakan gangguan neurodegeneratif yang paling sering terjadi. Penurunan pendengaran terkait usia ini terjadi pada populasi usia lebih dari 60 tahun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis presbikusis pada pasien presbikusis di Poliklinik THT-KL RSUP Prof. Dr. I.G.N.G. Ngoerah periode Januari-Desember 2020.

Metode: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif retrospektif dengan total sampel sebanyak 42 orang yang diambil secara konsekutif pada pasien presbikusis di Poliklinik THT-KL RSUP Prof. Dr. I.G.N.G. Ngoerah periode Januari-Desember 2020.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil audiogram berdasarkan telinga kanan dan kiri, sebanyak 42,8% dan 45,2% mengalami presbikusis tipe strial, 30,9% dan 28,6% mengalami presbikusis tipe koklea, 21,4% dan 23,8% mengalami presbikusis tipe sensori, sebanyak 4,8% dan 2,4% mengalami presbikusis tipe neural.

Simpulan: Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa derajat ketulian telinga kanan dan kiri rata-rata adalah derajat sedang-berat, dengan tipe presbikusis yang dominan adalah tipe strial atau metabolik. Presbikusis memperlihatkan variasi yang beragam pada derajat ketulian, ketajaman pendengaran, onset umur, dan progresinya sehingga kemungkinan beban presbikusis di populasi dapat meningkat di kemudian hari.

References

  1. Kim TS, Chung JW. Evaluation of age-related hearing loss. Korean J Audiol. 2013;17(2):50-53.
  2. Lee KY. Pathophysiology of age-related hearing loss (peripheral and central). Korean J Audiol. 2013;17(2):45-49.
  3. Sitohang V, Budijanto D, Hardhana B, Soenardi TA. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia;2014.
  4. Lalwani AK. The Aging Inner Ear. Dalam: Lalwani AK, penyunting. Diagnosis and Treatment in Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Edisi ke-2. New York: The MacGraw-Hill Companies Inc. 2013:689-96.
  5. Kaya KH, Karaman Koç A, Sayın İ, et al. Etiological classification of presbycusis in Turkish population according to audiogram configuration. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2015;25(1):1-8.
  6. Mills JH, Khariwala SS, Weber PC. Anatomy and Physiology of Hearing. Dalam: Bailey BJ, penyunting. Head & Neck Surgery Otolaryngology. Edisi ke-4. Philadelphia: W&W Lippincott. h. 2011;1883-1903.
  7. Schmiedt R. The Physiology of Cochlear Presbycusis. Dalam: Gordon-Salant S, Frisina RD, Fay RR, Popper AN. The Aging Auditory System. New York: Springer. 2010:9-38.
  8. Sarafraz M, Saki N, Maleki M, Nikakhlagh S, Jonaky RS. Distribution of Audiometric Findings in Patients with Presbycusis. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2015;8:37-41.
  9. Johansson MS, Arlinger SD. Hearing threshold levels for an otologically unscreened, non-occupationally noise-exposed population in Sweden. Int J Audiol. 2002;41(3):180-194.
  10. Hayati R, Haryuna TSH, Zahara D. Hearing threshold differences between pre and post tympanoplasty in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media. Bali Med J. 2018;7(1): 47-50.

How to Cite

Pande Nyoman Bayu Tirtayasa, & I Made Wiranadha. (2023). Klasifikasi Etiologi Presbikusis Berdasarkan Hasil Audiogram di Poliklinik THT-KL RSUP Prof. Dr. I.G.N.G. Ngoerah Periode Januari-Desember 2020. Intisari Sains Medis, 14(1), 21–23. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v14i1.1585

HTML
0

Total
0

Share

Search Panel

Pande Nyoman Bayu Tirtayasa
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal


I Made Wiranadha
Google Scholar
Pubmed
ISM Journal