Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Karakteristik pasien hamil dengan penyakit jantung yang dirawat di RSUP Dr. Kariadi tahun 2020-2021


Background: During pregnancy there’s an increase of fluid which may cause problems in the cardiovascular system that were previously undiagnosed. Approximately 1–4% of pregnancies globally cause complications of cardiovascular disease. This study aims to determine the characteristics of pregnant patients with heart disease who were inpatients at Dr. Kariadi Hospital in the year 2020-2021.

Methods: This study used a descriptive research design conducted at Dr. Kariadi Hospital with secondary data through medical records for the year period of 1 January 2020 – 31 December  2021. A sample of 157 was all cases of pregnancy with heart disease treated in the obstetrics room or intensive care unit (ICU).

Result: Heart disease most suffered by pregnant patients was hypertensive heart disease as many as 90 cases (57.65%), peripartum cardiomyopathy 18 cases (11.54%). From echocardiography, 17 cases (16.34%) had decreased left ventricular ejection fraction and 14 cases (11.02%) had decreased right ventricular systolic function. 25 cases (19.54%) had impaired cardiac muscle kinesity and 57 cases (50.43%) had diastolic dysfunction. Most valve disorders occurred in the mitral, those were 22 cases (17.33%). Only 5 cases (3.2%) of these patients had COVID-19. Based on vital signs and laboratory examinations, data were obtained for 35 cases (22.29%) patients had a pulse of more than 100x/minute upon arrival at Dr. Kariadi Hospital only 2 cases (1.27%) had a pulse below 60x/minute. On saturation examination, 13 cases (8.26%) patients experienced desaturation.

Conclusion: Hypertensive heart disease has the highest prevalence. Premature birth and the incidence of low birth weight is the highest incidence in pregnant patients with heart disease.


Latar belakang: Selama kehamilan terjadi peningkatan cairan yang dapat menyebabkan masalah pada sistem kardiovaskular yang sebelumnya tidak terdiagnosis. Sekitar 1-4% kehamilan secara global menyebabkan komplikasi penyakit kardiovaskular. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik pasien hamil dengan penyakit jantung yang dirawat inap di RSUP Dr. Kariadi periode tahun 2020-2021.

Metode: Studi ini menggunakan desain penelitian deskriptif yang dilakukan di RSUP Dr. Kariadi dengan data sekunder melalui rekam medis periode 1 Januari 2020 - 31 Desember 2021. Sampel sebanyak 157 adalah semua kasus kehamilan dengan penyakit jantung yang dirawat di ruang obstetri maupun intensive care unit (ICU).

Hasil: Penyakit jantung yang paling banyak diderita oleh pasien hamil adalah penyakit jantung hipertensi sebanyak 90 kasus (57,65%), kardiomiopati peripartum 18 kasus (11,54%). Dari ekokardiografi, 17 kasus (16,34%) mengalami penurunan fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri dan 14 kasus (11,02%) mengalami penurunan fungsi sistolik ventrikel kanan. 25 kasus (19,54%) mengalami gangguan kinesitas otot jantung dan 57 kasus (50,43%) mengalami disfungsi diastolik. Kelainan katup paling banyak terjadi pada mitral yaitu 22 kasus (17,33%). Hanya 5 kasus (3,2%) dari pasien ini yang memiliki COVID-19. Berdasarkan tanda vital dan pemeriksaan laboratorium didapatkan data sebesar 35 kasus (22,29%) pasien memiliki denyut nadi lebih dari 100x/menit saat tiba di RSUP Dr. Kariadi, hanya 2 kasus (1,27%) yang memiliki denyut nadi dibawah 60x/menit. Pada pemeriksaan saturasi sebesar 13 kasus (8,26%) pasien mengalami desaturasi.

Simpulan: Penyakit jantung hipertensi memiliki prevalensi tertinggi. Kelahiran prematur dan kejadian berat badan lahir rendah merupakan kejadian tertinggi pada pasien hamil dengan penyakit jantung.


  1. Regitz-Zagrosek, Davis MB, Arendt K, Bello NA, et al. Team-Based Care of Women With Cardiovascular Disease From Pre-Conception Through Pregnancy and Postpartum: JACC Focus Seminar 1/5. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021;77(14):1763-1777.
  2. Duley L. The global impact of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Semin. Perinatol. 2009;33, 130–137.
  3. Ramlakhan KP, Johnson MR, Roos-Hesselink JW. Pregnancy and cardiovascular disease. Nature Reviews Cardiology. 2020;17: 718–731.
  4. Knight, Flaherty SJ, Delaney H, Matvienko-Sikar K, Smith V. Maternity care during COVID-19: a qualitative evidence synthesis of women's and maternity care providers' views and experiences. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2022;22(1):438.
  5. Cantwell R. et al. Saving mothers’ lives: reviewing maternal deaths to make motherhood safer: 2006–2008. The eighth report of the confidential enquiries into maternal deaths in the United Kingdom. 2011;118(Suppl. 1):1–203.
  6. Creanga AA, Syverson C, Seed K, Callaghan WM. 2017. Pregnancy-related mortality in the United States, 2011–2013. Obstet. Gynecol. 2017;130:366–373.
  7. Wiyati PS, Wibowo B. Luaran Maternal dan Perinatal pada Hamil dengan Penyakit Jantung di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang. Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi. 2013;21(1):20-30.
  8. Thanajiprapa T. Pregnancy Complication in Women with Heart Disease. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2010;23(10):1200-1204.
  9. Short VL, Geller SE, Moore JL, McClure EM, Goudar SS, Dhaded SM, et al. The Relationship between Body Mass Index in Pregnancy and Adverse Maternal, Perinatal, and Neonatal Outcomes in Rural India and Pakistan. American Journal of Perinatology. 2018;35:844–851.
  10. Stubert J, Reister F, Hartmann S, Janni W. The Risks Associated With Obesity in Pregnancy. Deutsches Arzteblatt International. 2018;115: 276–283.
  11. Lee KK, Raja EA, Lee AJ, Bhattacharya S, Bhattacharya S, Norman JE, et al. Maternal obesity during pregnancy associates with premature mortality and major cardiovascular events in later life. Hypertension. 2015;66: 938–944.
  12. Blencowe H, Cousens S, Jassir FB, Say L, Chou D, Mathers C, Hogan D, Shiekh S, Qureshi ZU, You D, Lawn JE. National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2015, with trends from 2000: a systematic analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2016;4(2):e98–108.
  13. Koivu A, Sairanen M. Predicting risk of stillbirth and preterm pregnancies with machine learning. Health Information Science and Systems. 2020;8:1–12.
  14. Ramachandran SK, Thompson A, Pandit JJ, Devine S, Shanks AM. Retrospective observational evaluation of postoperative oxygen saturation levels and associated postoperative respiratory complications and hospital resource utilization. PLoS One. 2017;12(5):e0175408.
  15. Peña-Rosas JP, De-Regil LM, Garcia-Casal MN, Dowswell T. Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;2015(7):CD004736.
  16. Wedari NLPH, Budayanti NNS, Sukrama IDM, Mayura IPB. Implementation of antinuclear antibodies in autoimmune diagnostic tests: a literature review from immunological aspects. Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2022;2(2):27-30.
  17. Defez-Martin M, Martín-Díaz MI, Atienza-Ramirez S, Llorca-Colomer F, Murillo-Llorente MT, Perez-Bermejo M. Thrombocytopaenia and COVID-19 infection during pregnancy increases the risk of preeclampsia: a multicentre study. Reprod Biomed. 2023;46(2):371-378.
  18. Astuti Y, Amin C. Physical activity of pregnant women during COVID-19 outbreak in Yogyakarta. Bali Medical Journal. 2021;10(3):1390-1393.

How to Cite

Trisnawan, M. H., Mochtar, A. Y. A. B. ., & Dewantiningrum, J. . (2023). Karakteristik pasien hamil dengan penyakit jantung yang dirawat di RSUP Dr. Kariadi tahun 2020-2021. Intisari Sains Medis, 14(1), 358–365.




Search Panel

Made Helthayana Trisnawan
Google Scholar
ISM Journal

Aruman Yudanto Aribowo Binarso Mochtar
Google Scholar
ISM Journal

Julian Dewantiningrum
Google Scholar
ISM Journal