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Karakteristik pasien ptosis di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah

Abstract

Background: Ptosis or blepharoptosis is a condition where the eyelid droops below its normal position. Ptosis can affect the visual field by reducing the patient's visual acuity. Ptosis is also considered a problem in appearance because the patient will always look tired and sleepy. If not treated immediately, ptosis can cause further complications, such as refractive errors, strabismus, and amblyopia. The purpose of this study is to identify the demographic and clinical characteristics of ptosis patients at Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah Hospital.

Methods: This descriptive study with a cross-sectional design and total sampling was carried out at Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah Hospital with ptosis patient data in 2019-2021.

Results: There were 45 ptosis patients at Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah Hospital in 2019-2021. In this study, the majority of ptosis patients were male. (53.3%). Patients in this study had a mean age of 37.91±23.55 years old with a median of 33(1-85). Unilateral ptosis (88.9%) and acquired ptosis (73.3%) were the most common ptosis cases found in this study. There are three etiologies that dominate ptosis cases, namely neurogenic (28.9%), traumatic (28.9%), and myogenic (26.7%) ptosis. Most of the ptosis patients have a severe degree of ptosis (60.0%). As many as 80% of ptosis patients receive surgical management.

Conclusion: Ptosis cases in Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah Hospital in 2019-2021 were dominated by male patients, unilateral ptosis, acquired ptosis, neurogenic, and severe degree. Further research is required to evaluate the association between variables. with a larger population.

 

Latar Belakang: Ptosis atau blepharoptosis merupakan kondisi turunnya kelopak mata di bawah posisi normal. Ptosis dapat memengaruhi lapang pandang dengan mengurangi ketajaman visual pasien. Ptosis juga dianggap sebagai permasalahan dalam penampilan dikarenakan pasien akan selalu terlihat kelelahan dan mengantuk. Apabila tidak segera ditangani, ptosis dapat menyebabkan terjadinya komplikasi lebih lanjut, seperti kelainan refraksi, strabismus, dan ambliopia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik demografis dan klinis pasien ptosis di RSUP Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah. 

Metode: Penelitian deskriptif dengan desain cross-sectional dan penentuan sampel secara total sampling ini dilaksanakan di RSUP Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah dengan data pasien ptosis pada tahun 2019-2021.

Hasil: Pasien ptosis di RSUP Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah pada tahun 2019-2021 berjumlah 45 orang. Sebagian besar pasien ptosis dalam penelitian ini berjenis kelamin laki-laki (53,3%). Pasien dalam penelitian ini memiliki rerata usia 37,91±23,55 tahun dengan median 33 (1-85). Ptosis unilateral (88,9%) dan acquired ptosis (73,3%) merupakan kasus ptosis yang mendominasi dalam penelitian ini. Terdapat tiga etiologi yang mendominasi kasus ptosis pada pasien, yaitu ptosis neurogenik (28,9%), traumatik (28,9%), dan miogenik (26,7%). Sebagian besar pasien ptosis memiliki derajat keparahan dalam kategori berat (60,0%). Sebanyak 80% dari pasien ptosis menerima tatalaksana operasi.

Simpulan: Kasus ptosis di RSUP Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah pada tahun 2019-2021 didominasi oleh pasien laki-laki, ptosis unilateral, acquired ptosis, neurogenik, dan derajat berat. Penelitian lebih lanjut diperlukan untuk menilai hubungan antar variabel dengan populasi yang lebih besar.

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How to Cite

Wulandari, P. A., Utari, N. M. L. ., Surasmiati, N. M. A. ., & Suryaningrum, I. G. A. R. . (2023). Karakteristik pasien ptosis di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Prof. dr. I G.N.G. Ngoerah . Intisari Sains Medis, 14(1), 41–46. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v14i1.1558

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Putri Ayu Wulandari
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Ni Made Laksmi Utari
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Ni Made Ayu Surasmiati
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I Gusti Ayu Ratna Suryaningrum
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