Research Article

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at Diabetes Center of Sanglah General Hospital, Bali

Gopi Krishnan , AA Ngurah Subawa

Gopi Krishnan
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Email:

AA Ngurah Subawa
Bagian Patologi Klinik, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana
Online First: February 21, 2018 | Cite this Article
Krishnan, G., Subawa, A. 2018. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at Diabetes Center of Sanglah General Hospital, Bali. Intisari Sains Medis 9(1). DOI:10.15562/ism.v9i1.155

Background: Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus. A prevalence study could contribute in explaining the pattern and giving the perspective of how a community deals with diabetes and its complications.

Methods: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Diabetic Center of Sanglah General Hospital. This study used a descriptive cross-sectional study using secondary data from medical records of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.

Results: 1070 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus obtained from January – December 2014. 6.92% patients have suffered from retinopathy, and 93.08% have not suffered from retinopathy. Distributions of patients who suffered from retinopathy were mostly from the age group of 50-59 years old.

Conclusion: Only 6.92 % of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Sanglah Hospital had suffered from the complication of diabetic retinopathy in the year 2014. 


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