Research Article

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at Diabetes Center of Sanglah General Hospital, Bali

Gopi Krishnan , AA Ngurah Subawa

Gopi Krishnan
Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Email: gopz25.gk@gmail.com

AA Ngurah Subawa
Bagian Patologi Klinik, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana
Online First: February 21, 2018 | Cite this Article
Krishnan, G., Subawa, A. 2018. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at Diabetes Center of Sanglah General Hospital, Bali. Intisari Sains Medis 9(1). DOI:10.15562/ism.v9i1.155


Background: Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus. A prevalence study could contribute in explaining the pattern and giving the perspective of how a community deals with diabetes and its complications.

Methods: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Diabetic Center of Sanglah General Hospital. This study used a descriptive cross-sectional study using secondary data from medical records of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.

Results: 1070 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus obtained from January – December 2014. 6.92% patients have suffered from retinopathy, and 93.08% have not suffered from retinopathy. Distributions of patients who suffered from retinopathy were mostly from the age group of 50-59 years old.

Conclusion: Only 6.92 % of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Sanglah Hospital had suffered from the complication of diabetic retinopathy in the year 2014. 

References

Ministry of Health Malaysia. Clinical Practice Guidelines. 2011

Abougalambou SSI, Mohamed M, Sulaiman SAS, Ayman S. Current clinical status and complications among type 2 diabetic patients in Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital. International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus 2. 2010: 184-188.

Kumar P, Clark M. Clinical Medicine.8th edition. 2012

The Royal College of Ophthalmologists. Diabetic Retinopathy Guidelines. 2012

Vislisel J. Oetting T. Diabetic Retinopathy: From one medical student to another. 2010

Clinical Practice Guidelines. Management of DR. National Health Medical Research Council. 1997

Wills Eye Institute: A patient’s guide to diabetic retinopathy. 2010

Viswanath K. Mcgavin DDM. Diabetic Retinopathy: Clinical Findings and Management. Community Eye Health. 2003. (16) 46.


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