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Hubungan antara pemberian vaksin COVID-19 dengan berat derajat COVID-19 pada pasien di ruang isolasi RSUD Tabanan tahun 2022

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 vaccination is the administration of COVID-19 vaccine to increase a person's immunity to COVID-19. Currently in Indonesia, the third vaccine (booster) has been implemented where this vaccination is given as an additional dose to provide extra protection because the effects of the vaccine may decrease over time. The booster vaccine is considered the best model to increase immunity. The Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia noted that 1,090 patients died during the time when the Omicron variant dominated COVID-19 cases in Indonesia. From the data of 1,090 patients who died, 68% of them had not been fully vaccinated. This study aims to determine the correlation between the administration of the COVID-19 vaccine and the severity of the COVID-19 degree in patients in the isolation ward of Tabanan Hospital in 2022.

Methods: the type of research used was analytic research with a cross sectional design. The sampling technique used was total sampling, obtained a sample of 174 respondents from February 1, 2022 to April 30, 2022. Data collection was done by collecting data from patient medical records. The statistical test used was the Wilcoxon signed rank test with p<0.05.

Results: The average value of the severity of COVID-19 in patients who have not received the COVID-19 vaccination is 6.40 with a standard deviation of 1.673 and the average value of the severity of COVID-19 in patients who have received the COVID-19 vaccination has an increased of 11.13 with a standard deviation of 2.240. The results of the Wilcoxon signed rank test statistic resulted in a significance (p) of 0.000, which means Ha is accepted.

Conclusion: There was correlation between COVID-19 vaccinations with the severity of COVID-19 in patients in the isolation ward of the Tabanan District Hospital

 

Latar Belakang: Vaksinasi COVID-19 adalah pemberian vaksin COVID-19 untuk menimbulkan kekebalan seseorang terhadap COVID-19. Saat ini di Indonesia sudah mulai dilaksanakan vaksin ketiga (booster) dimana vaksinasi ini diberikan sebagai dosis tambahan untuk memberikan perlindungan ekstra karena efek dari vaksin dapat menurun seiring berjalannya waktu. Dengan adanya vaksin booster dianggap sebagai model yang paling baik untuk meningkatkan imun. Kemenkes RI mencatat sudah ada 1.090 pasien meninggal di masa varian Omicron mendominasi kasus COVID-19 di Indonesia. Dari data 1.090 pasien yang meninggal, 68% diantaranya belum divaksinasi lengkap. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara pemberian vaksin COVID-19 dengan derajat COVID-19 pada pasien di ruang isolasi RSUD Tabanan tahun 2022.

Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah total sampling, diperoleh sampel sebanyak 174 responden dari 1 Februari 2022 sampai dengan 30 April 2022. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan melakukan pengumpulan data dari rekam medis pasien. Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah uji Wilcoxon signed-rank test dengan p<0,05.

Hasil: Nilai rata-rata derajat berat COVID-19 pada pasien yang belum mendapatkan vaksinasi COVID-19 adalah 6,40 dengan standar deviasinya 1,673 dan nilai rata-rata derajat berat COVID-19 pada pasien yang sudah mendapatkan vaksinasi COVID-19 mengalami kenaikan yaitu 11,13 dengan standar deviasinya adalah 2,240. Hasil uji statistik Wilcoxon signed-rank test menghasilkan signifikansi (p) sebesar 0,000 yang artinya Ha diterima.

Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan pemberian vaksinasi COVID-19 dengan derajat COVID-19 pada pasien di ruang isolasi RSUD Kabupaten Tabanan

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How to Cite

Artawan, I. K. A., & Sastrawan, I. G. A. (2022). Hubungan antara pemberian vaksin COVID-19 dengan berat derajat COVID-19 pada pasien di ruang isolasi RSUD Tabanan tahun 2022. Intisari Sains Medis, 13(3), 731–734. https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v13i3.1495

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I Kadek Agus Artawan
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I Gede Agus Sastrawan
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